Anton Webern

(redirected from Anton von Webern)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Webern, Anton

 

Born Dec. 3, 1883, in Vienna; died Sept. 15, 1945, in Mittersill, near Salzburg. Austrian composer and conductor.

Webern studied musicology under G. Adler at the University of Vienna (1902-06) and composition under A. Schönberg (1904-08). From 1908 he worked as an operatic and symphonic conductor in Austrian and German cities as well as in Prague. He directed the chorus of the Vienna Workers’ Choral Society. During 1927-38, Webern was a conductor on the Austrian radio but was discharged from this position after the establishment of the Nazi regime in Austria.

Webern composed a number of orchestral and chamber works, as well as songs, cantatas, and choral works. An adherent of Schönberg’s atonal school, Webern carried its principles to extreme forms of expression. Maximum refinement of sound is combined in Webern’s music with a rigid structural scheme and an abstractness of concept. His creative work determined the formalistic trends in postwar avant-garde music in the West. Webern’s cycle of conversations Paths to the New Music was published posthumously (1960).

REFERENCES

Reich, W. A. Webern: Weg und Gestalt. Zürich, 1961.
A. Webern. Vienna, 1955.
Kolneder, W. A. Webern: Einführung in Werk und Stil. Roden- kirchen, 1961.

IU. V. KELDYSH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gallen orchestra, and Anton von Webern was engaged to prepare the piano-vocal score of Schoeck's Das Schloss Durande.
The program also includes Variations for Orchestra by Anton von Webern and "The Planets" by Holst.
Anton von Webern-Fest: Ein Wochenende mit dem (Euvre von Anton von Webern. (Program Booklet of the Wiener Festwochen 2004.) Vienna: Wiener Festwochen, 2004.
He acquired Anton Webern's archives in the 1960s, and published a facsimile edition of the composer's sketches in 1968 (Anton von Webern: Sketches (1926-1945): Facsimile Reproductions from the Composer's Autograph Sketchbooks in the Moldenhauer Archives [New York: Carl Fischer, 1968]).
The protocol of the break is grouped around certain works by Schonberg, Alban Berg, and Anton von Webern, the uncertain progressive protocol of nomination, dodecaphonic, then later serial music, and the labor of fidelity to that event.
The avant-gardists of European music acquired the idea of soundspace from the work of Anton von Webern. In their rationalism, they finally succeeded in recognizing the pause as the potential space between sounds.
She believes that all three composers in the "second Viennese school" (Arnold Schoenberg, Anton von Webern and Berg) were "saturated" with the waltz, and this comes into play in the "very tender" first movement - appropriately, because young Manon Gropius, who died of complications from polio, had been a dancer.
There is also an example of the famous card circulated by Anton von Webern and three others inviting Mahler's friends to assemble at the Westbahnhof on the occasion of Mahler's departure from Vienna in 1907.