Antonines

(redirected from Antonine)

Antonines

(ăn`tənīnz), collective name of certain Roman emperors of the 2d cent., namely Antoninus PiusAntoninus Pius
(Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus) , A.D. 86–A.D. 161, Roman emperor (138–161). After a term as consul (120) he went as proconsul to Asia, where he governed with distinction.
..... Click the link for more information.
; his adopted sons, Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
(Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus) , 121–180, Roman emperor, named originally Marcus Annius Verus. He was a nephew of Faustina, the wife of Antoninus Pius, who adopted him. Marcus married Antoninus' daughter, another Faustina.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Verus; and CommodusCommodus
(Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) , 161–192, Roman emperor (180–192), son and successor of Marcus Aurelius. In 180, reversing his father's foreign policy, he concluded peace with the German and the Sarmatian tribes and returned to his licentious pleasures in
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Antonines

 

(Antonini). Dynasty of Roman emperors from 96 to 192, named after Antoninus Pius.

The following emperors belonged to the Antonine dynasty: Nerva (96–98), Trajan (98–117), Hadrian (117–138), Antoninus Pius (138–161), Marcus Aurelius (161–180), his cornier, Lucius Verus (161–169), and Corn-modus (180–192). In their domestic and foreign policy the Antonines reflected the interests of wide circles of Roman slaveowners in Italy as well as in the provinces. Their policy was directed at vitalizing the economic life of the empire (founding new cities, initiating construction work, introducing measures to support small-scale and middle-class landowners, broadening the social support of the Roman state and strengthening the position of slaveowners, granting liberal rights of citizenship to provincials, introducing many provincial slaveowners into the Roman Senate, and adopting measures to prevent uprisings of slaves). The first Antonines (especially Trajan) conducted an energetic foreign policy and annexed new territories to the empire (Dacia and Arabia in 106, and territories in Armenia and Mesopotamia during the years 114–115).

During Hadrian’s reign the Antonines began to enter a transition period, shifting their policy to one of defense of far-flung borders and the construction of defense installations. Under the Antonine dynasty the concept of monarchical power took on its final form, and a bureaucratic apparatus came into being. The time of the Antonines’ rule is considered as the period of the highest domestic and foreign flourishing of the Roman Empire. But from Hadrian’s time one could already observe symptoms of crisis in the slaveowning means of production, and from the time of Marcus Aurelius the might of the Roman Empire began to decline.

REFERENCES

Grimm, E. D. Issledovaniia po istorii razvitiia rimskoi imperatorskoi vlasti, vol. 2. St. Petersburg, 1901.
Rostovtzeff, M. The Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire. Oxford, 1926.

V. I. KUZISHCHIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The final charge the teenager denied allegedly took place in Antonine Avenue in Motherwell on June 19.
Together with Nato, the European Community, now Union, has helped to deliver a period of peace and prosperity for its people as long as any since the days of the Antonine emperors."
A golf club says it will fund a clean-up of a neglected site at the Antonine Wall at Bearsden as part of its plans to sell land to developers in order to build a replacement golf course.
7:30 pm Foreign Minister Gebran Bassil inaugurates Antonine University Graduation Ceremony for the year 2019 at Hadath University campus in Baabda.
A CBCP News report said that the centuries-old and the first Antonine parish church in the country was elevated to national shrine status on Tuesday.
Summary: The Girls Got It initiative, which encourages female participation in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields, launched its seventh edition at Zahle's Antonine University, a statement from the group said.
The display will see Rough Castle Community Woodlands come alive as part of Legion - a Roman-themed experience which highlights UNESCO World Heritage site the Antonine Wall.
The money will also help bring communities together along the Antonine Wall in central Scotland and Hadrian's Wall in the North East, both UNESCO World Heritage sites.
His sections cover the invasion of Britain, the conquest of lowland Britain, the conquest of upland Britain, retreat and consolidation, Hadrian and Hadrian's Wall, the Antonine Wall, Marcus Aurelius and Commodus, Septimus Severus, soldier and civilian, government and administrators, economy and society, gods and men, the third century, and the fourth century.
Dr Ann Glen, of the Save Woodhall and Faskine group, said: "The reason Roman soldiers from the Antonine Guard were encouraging volunteers to do a good job with the recent litter sweep round Woodhall, Faskine and Palacecraig in South Airdrie is that these places, together with most of North Lanarkshire, were once part of the Roman Empire.