Antonio Salieri


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Salieri, Antonio

(äntô`nyō sälyā`rē), 1750–1825, Italian composer and conductor. He received his first training in Italy, going afterward (1766) to Vienna, where he remained as conductor of the opera and later (1788–1824) as court conductor. He was a friend of Haydn, and he taught Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. Mozart, however, distrusted him and believed that Salieri tried to poison him. Though Mozart's claim was never substantiated, an opera by Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Mozart et Salieri (1898) and a play by Peter Shaffer, Amadeus (1979; filmed 1984) have depicted Salieri as treacherously jealous of Mozart's genius. The most successful of his 43 operas were Les Danaïdes (1784) and Tarare (1787). He also wrote instrumental pieces and church music.

Salieri, Antonio

 

Born Aug. 18, 1750, in Legnago, near Verona; died May 7, 1825, in Vienna. Italian composer, conductor, and teacher.

In 1766, Salieri settled in Vienna, where he became court composer in 1774 and Kapellmeister in 1788. He directed the Italian opera company until 1790 and the court choir until 1824. He wrote many operas, including Armida (1771) and Europa riconosciuta (1778, for the opening of La Scala in Milan), oratorios, and instrumental works. Salieri was close to C. W. Gluck, who worked with him on the Paris production of Salieri’s opera Les Danaïdes (1784). Among Salieri’s students were Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. According to a legend, Salieri poisoned Mozart; this myth was the basis of A. S. Pushkin’s “little tragedy” Mozart and Salieri.

REFERENCES

Shteinpress, B. “Mif ob ispovedi Sal’eri.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1963, no. 7.
Shteinpress, B. “13 legend bo Antonio Sal’eri.” Muzykal’naia zhizn’, 1963, no. 23.
Shteinpress, B. “Sal’eri segodnia.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1975, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just as King Saul became a mere footnote in Israelite chronicles, giving way to the eternally remembered David, so Antonio Salieri has been largely forgotten by history, while his younger contemporary, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, lives forever.
Peter Shaffer's drama explores the rivalry between Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and court composer Antonio Salieri and can be seen at the Loft Theatre in Leamington next week.
While that Oscar-winning film narrated the friendship-and-hate tale of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Antonio Salieri, Vipul Shah has merely changed setting to tell the story of two Punjab-bred singers.
Does it compare to what composer Antonio Salieri said about Mozart's music: "There's too many notes?
She notes, for example, that "Turkish" music retained its martial associations, being used to accompany entertainments such as bear baiting and dog fights, before it was adopted by such composers as Antonio Salieri, Mozart, and Joseph Haydn--who turned out martial and comic Turkish pieces while recalling that his great-grandparents had been killed in an Ottoman raid in 1683.
Abraham's memorable limning of antagonist Antonio Salieri was an early favorite against Tom Hulee, who played titular musical prodigy Wolfgang Mozart.
Antonio Salieri was a composer of immense accomplishment who rose to positions of great eminence in late-18th century Vienna.
el 28 de julio muere de un ataque al corazon Johann Sebastian Bach, <<El Padre de la Musica>>, y el 18 de agosto nace el compositor italiano Antonio Salieri, profesor de musicos tan importantes como Beethoven, Liszt y Schubert, y contemporaneo de Mozart.
Murray Abraham, who won an Oscar for Best Actor in a Leading role back in 1985 for his performance as Antonio Salieri in Amadeus.
You would think amid all the current furore, Allardyce would be keeping as low a profile as possible, but he has been spotted this week playing the role of Antonio Salieri in a lavish production of Amadeus at the Wiltons Music Hall in London.
Whatever it was, it wasn't the result of poisoning by his fellow composer Antonio Salieri.
The rumors surrounding the role of Antonio Salieri in the death of Mozart have transformed these artists into the subjects of art.