Antonio Salieri


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Salieri, Antonio

(äntô`nyō sälyā`rē), 1750–1825, Italian composer and conductor. He received his first training in Italy, going afterward (1766) to Vienna, where he remained as conductor of the opera and later (1788–1824) as court conductor to Joseph II, the emperor of Austria. He was a friend of Haydn, and he taught Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. Mozart, however, distrusted him and believed that Salieri tried to poison him. Though Mozart's claim was never substantiated, a play by Aleksandr Pushkin, Mozart and Salieri (1830); an opera by Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Mozart et Salieri (1898); and a play by Peter Shaffer, Amadeus (1979; filmed 1984) have depicted Salieri as treacherously jealous of Mozart's genius. The most successful of his 43 operas were Les Danaïdes (1784) and Tarare (1787). He also wrote instrumental pieces and church music.

Bibliography

See biography by V. Braunbehrens and E. L. Kanes (1992); study by J. A. Rice (1999).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Salieri, Antonio

 

Born Aug. 18, 1750, in Legnago, near Verona; died May 7, 1825, in Vienna. Italian composer, conductor, and teacher.

In 1766, Salieri settled in Vienna, where he became court composer in 1774 and Kapellmeister in 1788. He directed the Italian opera company until 1790 and the court choir until 1824. He wrote many operas, including Armida (1771) and Europa riconosciuta (1778, for the opening of La Scala in Milan), oratorios, and instrumental works. Salieri was close to C. W. Gluck, who worked with him on the Paris production of Salieri’s opera Les Danaïdes (1784). Among Salieri’s students were Beethoven, Schubert, and Liszt. According to a legend, Salieri poisoned Mozart; this myth was the basis of A. S. Pushkin’s “little tragedy” Mozart and Salieri.

REFERENCES

Shteinpress, B. “Mif ob ispovedi Sal’eri.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1963, no. 7.
Shteinpress, B. “13 legend bo Antonio Sal’eri.” Muzykal’naia zhizn’, 1963, no. 23.
Shteinpress, B. “Sal’eri segodnia.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1975, no. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
And while these two composers seem to have been lined up in friendly rivalry -- featuring in three major concerts over seven days at Sage Gateshead -- it was Mozart who was lined up in earnest against the Italian Antonio Salieri in 1786 during a 'Whose opera is best?' contest in Vienna, playing at opposite ends of a room while people lunched.
Through the centuries, many famous composers - including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Antonio Salieri and Anton Bruckner - worked with the choir.
amadeus BBC1, 11.45pm The story of Mozart, as told by his peer and rival Antonio Salieri, who is confined to an insane asylum and incensed that God blessed such a vulgar man.
Thursday AMADEUS BBC1, 11.45PM Ageing composer Antonio Salieri, now confined to an insane asylum, tells the tale of events three decades earlier regarding Mozart.
A CITY in northern Italy is seeking to reclaim the remains of composer Antonio Salieri.
Musicians like Heinrich Isaac, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Antonio Caldara, Antonio Salieri, and Anton Bruckner have worked with the choir.
But let us return to Prague's very own conservatory, it launched its operation in I8II, even earlier than the conservatory to the Austro-Hungarian imperial capital Vienna (founded in 1817 by Antonio Salieri).
In truth, this is not the story of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (played by Tom Hulce) but the story of his supposed friend and fellow composer, Antonio Salieri (F.
They are Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1797) and Antonio Salieri (1750-1819).
To wit: in 1786, Antonio Salieri composed a one-act opera on a libretto written by Giovanni Battista Casti entitled Prima la musica e poi le parole, decidedly putting words in second position and two centuries later, in 1942, Richard Strauss in Capriccio reviews the arguments of this long lasting debate, but leaving it unresolved in his opera.
1750 Antonio Salieri. Italian composer, who is alleged to have been involved Mozart's death.