Antonio de Mendoza


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Mendoza, Antonio de

Mendoza, Antonio de (äntōˈnyō dā māndōˈthä), 1490?–1552, Spanish administrator, first viceroy of New Spain (1535–50) and viceroy of Peru (1551–52). Of noble family, Mendoza held high offices before going to Mexico, where his wise rule earned him the appellation “the good viceroy.” He alleviated the condition of the indigenous people (though opposing enforcement of the New Laws of Bartolomé de Las Casas), fostered religion, and encouraged education. He brought the first printing press to America at the request of Bishop Zumárraga. He quelled numerous revolts, notably the insurrection of indigenous peoples in Nueva Galicia (called the Mixtón War) in which Pedro de Alvarado was killed. By fostering expeditions, especially those under Marcos de Niza and Coronado, he pushed exploration far northward. Industry and agriculture were also developed, bringing prosperity. In brief, he extended and consolidated the conquest begun by Hernán Cortés, and established the sure basis for Spain's long rule in Mexico. Efforts to discredit and oust him, originating with Cortés, ended in failure. In 1551 he took office as viceroy of Peru and again opposed enforcement of the New Laws. The audiencia, however, overruled him.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Antonio de Mendoza, the viceroy of what was then called New Spain.
In the instructions given to the Viceroy Don Antonio de Mendoza in 1538 the commitment to civil order in the planned community reemerges beside the effort to achieve better Christianization of the natives.
The document came into being because Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza commissioned the Franciscans to create a record of the customs of the region in 1539.