António de Oliveira Salazar

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Salazar, António de Oliveira

 

Born Apr. 28, 1889, in Santa Comba Dão, Beira Alta Province, Portugal; died July 27, 1970, in Lisbon. Portguese state figure.

Salazar graduated from a Jesuit school and then from the University of Coimbra, where he was an economics professor from 1917 to 1928. He was one of the founders of the Catholic Center Party (1918) and was elected a deputy to parliament from that party in 1921. For a few days in 1926, after the military coup, and again from 1928 to 1940 he was minister of finance; in 1930 he was also minister of colonies. From 1932 to 1968 he was prime minister and the de facto dictator of Portugal. He was also minister of war from 1936 to 1944 and minister of foreign affairs from 1936 to 1947. In 1930 he founded the fascist National Union Party and proposed a “unitary corporative republic.” He helped draft the 1933 constitution and the addendum to it—the Colonial Act—which gave final expression to the establishment of a corporative fascist state in Portugal. Beginning in 1968 he was no longer active in government because of ill health.

References in periodicals archive ?
The end of Portuguese colonial rule was characterised by brutal conflict and independence struggles during the 1970s, as Prime Minister Antonio de Oliveira Salazar's administration attempted to maintain the colonies well after their French or British counterparts.
Which European country was ruled by Antonio de Oliveira Salazar from 1932 to 1968?
The origin of the 3Ss policy is the 3F (fado, Fatima, football) policy, symbolizing the Portuguese values under the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar (1889-1970).
VVGOOGLING a runner Salazar 1.40 Ayr Antonio de Oliveira Salazar (April 28, 1889 - July 27, 1970) was a Portuguese politician and economist, who was the country's prime minister from 1932 to 1968.
In the spring of 1974, a coup d'etat in Portugal sent the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar tumbling from power.
Moreover, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, Portugal's dictator, rose to power in 1932 without anti semitic rhetoric or violence.
Published more than twenty years after the fall of the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, this novel allegorizes not only the nearly fifty-year regime, but also the transition to democracy and subsequent period of modernization.
Taken during the 48 years of Dictator Antonio de Oliveira Salazar's rule (1925-1974), these photographs constitute an important record of repression.
This is a political biography of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, the autocratic ruler of Portugal from 1928 to 1968.