Antonio José de Sucre

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Sucre, Antonio José de

 

Born Feb. 3, 1795, at Cumaná, Venezuela; died June 4,1830, in Colombia. One of the leaders of the war for independence of the Spanish colonies in America from 1810 to 1826. Close comrade-in-arms of S. Bolivar. General (1818) and marshal (1824).

Sucre began his service with the army of F. Miranda in 1810. Subsequently he headed the liberation campaign in Ecuador, and on May 24, 1822, he defeated the Spanish forces at Pichincha. During the liberation campaign in Peru, he won a decisive victory at Ayacucho in December 1824, and in February 1825 he entered La Paz. Sucre played a prominent role in the establishment of the republic of Bolivia in upper Peru in August 1825 and became its temporary president in April 1826. He left the country in May 1828, as an anti-Bolívar revolt was in course. During the Peruvian forces’ invasion of Grán Colombia, Sucre won a victory in February 1829 near Junin. In 1830 he became president of the National Congress of Gran Colombia. He was assassinated by members of the opposition. Named after Sucre are a city in southern Bolivia, a state in northeastern Venezuela, and a unit of currency in Ecuador.

WORKS

Cartas al Libertador (1820–1830), vols. 1–2. Madrid, 1919.

REFERENCE

Lavretskii, I. Bolivar, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Desde el norte, territorio de la Gran Colombia, bajo un ejercito patriota, al mando de generales venezolanos, Simon Bolivar y su lugarteniente, Jose Antonio de Sucre, quien brillaria con luz propia en la batalla de Ayacucho, donde le fue conferido el Mariscalato.
Simon Bolivar at the battle of Junin (August 6, 1824), and commanded the reserve under la Serna against Antonio de Sucre at Ayacucho (December 9); following la Serna's death, Canterac became commander, and he had the unhappy task of surrendering to the victorious Sucre (December 10); returned to Spain (1825), where he held several posts; fatally shot by mutinous soldiers in Madrid three days after his appointment as governor of New Castile (1835).
Antonio de Sucre (late 1821); Bolivar was halted by royalist forces at the battle of Bombino (northeast of Quito) (April 7, 1822) in the northern mountains, while Sucre slipped past along the coast, to defeat them at Pichincha (May 24), enabling Bolivar to join him at Quito (June 16); met with San Martin at Guayaquil (July 22-27) in a meeting of which the details and conclusions are unknown; arrived in Lima (September 1823) to raise a new army to invade the Peruvian Andes; assisted by Sucre, he defeated the royalist army of Gen.