Role of Baseline Antral Follicle
Count and Anti-Mullerian Hormone in Prediction of Cumulative Live Birth in the First In Vitro Fertilisation Cycle: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis.
AMH is the hormone produced by primordial and small antral follicles
(up to 6-8 mm).
The antral follicle
: A microenvironment for oocyte differentiation.
Characteristics of the patients GnRHa hCG p (n=158) (n=298) 29.5[+ or -]4.5 28.4[+ or -]3.7 0.08 Age (years) 5.0[+ or -]0.4 4.9[+ or -]0.5 0.29 Duration of infertility (year) Basal FSH level (IU/L) 6.8[+ or -]2.5 6.3[+ or -]1.9 0.38 Basal [E.sub.2] level (pg/mL) 40.1[+ or -]19.8 37.8[+ or -]17.1 0.76 Antral follicle
count 10.3[+ or -]4.3 9.8[+ or -]2.9 0.94 hCG: Human chorionic gonadotropin, GnRHa: Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist, FSH: Follicle-stimulating hormone, [E.sub.2]: Estradiol p<0.05, means statistically significant Table 2.
Another aspect of this study was the lack of a statistically significant difference between the study and control patients in terms of antral follicle
Ovarian maturation was induced by injection of 10 000 IU of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; Ferring Inc., Germany) after detecting antral follicle
> 18 mm in diameter.
Diminished ovarian reserve as measured by means of baseline follicle-stimulating hormone and antral follicle
count is not associated with pregnancy loss in younger in vitro fertilization patients.
In the present study we also showed that melatonin treatment causes an increase in the number of antral follicles
and a decrease in the number of atretic follicles, suggesting that melatonin may inhibit follicular atresia.
 Transvaginal ultrasound scanning for estimating ovarian antral follicle
count is reliable, cycle-independent and performs well in the differentiation of low-ovarian-reserve from normal-ovarian-reserve women.
Effects of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MAP) on ovarian antral follicle
development, gonadotrophin secretion and response to ovulation induction with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in seasonally anoestrous ewes.
The antral follicle
count was 5, consistent with POF.
SD: Sprague-Dawley; AF: antral follicle
; PF: preantral follicle; P: primary; SA: secondary A; SB: secondary B; PA: preantral A; PB: preantral B; AA: antral A; AB: antral B.