Anwar Al- Sadat

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sadat, Anwar Al-

 

Born Dec. 25, 1918, in the village of Mit Abu al-Qum, Minuf Province. Egyptian state and political figure.

In 1938, Sadat graduated from the military academy in Cairo. In 1940 he joined a secret society for officers and was closely connected with the nationalist organizations Misr al-Fatat (Young Egypt) and the Muslim Brotherhood; the British colonial authorities subjected him to punitive measures. Sadat also took part in the activities of the Free Officers, the political organization that under the leadership of G. A. Nasser prepared and carried out the anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution of July 23, 1952.

From 1953 to 1956, Sadat was a member of the Revolutionary Command Council. In 1955 and 1956 he was a minister of state, and from 1957 a deputy to the National Assembly. In 1957 and 1958 he was vice-president of the National Assembly, and in the periods 1960–61 and 1964–68, its president. From 1964 to 1968 and again from 1969 to 1970, Sadat was vice-president of Egypt. In October 1970 he became president of Egypt. Since 1962, Sadat has been a member of the Arab Socialist Union, and since 1970, its chairman.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Known as the "Egyptian Revolution," it was reportedly funded by Libya and commanded by Mohammad Nour Al Deen, a former intelligence officer who had served in London under Nasser and who left his job after Anwar Al Sadat's 1977 visit to Occupied Jerusalem.
Al-Shobaki added, "Jihad as an organization ended in the late 90s after a long confrontation with the state and they lost this confrontation eC* they are an organization that calls for change through violence and armed resistance and were behind the assassination of former president Anwar Al Sadat."
However, the paper's critical pieces angered Anwar Al Sadat, who took office after Nasser.
He was vehemently opposed to Anwar Al Sadat's peace with the Israelis in 1978 and strongly supportive of Syria's participation in the Gulf War of 1991.
"The Revolution was a turning point in our modern history that expressed our people's desire for independence, freedom, national sovereignty, and a better life," Mubarak said, "Over the long road of our national struggle the banner of the Revolution was carried by President Gamal Abdel-Nasser and his companions, then it was led by President Anwar Al Sadat, and after them I bear its responsibility and trust."
Al Abnoudi had strained relations with Anwar Al Sadat, who succeeded Nasser in power until 1981.
The shutdown has deprived commuters using this main station, named after late Egyptian president Anwar Al Sadat, to switch between the subway's two lines.
Advocating his legacy as a long-time president, Mubarak said he had re-established Egypt's ties with the Arab countries severed under his predecessor Anwar Al Sadat and achieved the highest economic growth in the country's history.
In June 1974, then Egyptian President Anwar Al Sadat re-opened the canal for navigation and since then it has experienced several upgrades, making it a key foreign currency earner for Egypt.
Egyptians came to hear about the title of "Egypt's first lady" in the early 1970s when Anwar Al Sadat became the head of the state following the death of iconic president Jamal Abdul Nasser whose wife, Tahia, was rarely seen in public.
He rose in diplomatic posts, working as director of the foreign minister's office and later as an aide to Mubarak when he was named in 1975 as deputy to president Anwar Al Sadat.
According to Al Hadi, Nasser's successors - Anwar Al Sadat and Mubarak--showed keen interest in celebrating the revolution anniversary.