Anzus Treaty


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Anzus Treaty

(ăn`zəs), defense agreement signed in 1951 by Australia, New Zealand, and the United States. The name Anzus is derived from the initials of the three signatory nations. As a result of the reestablishment of peace between Japan and the United States in 1951, Australia and New Zealand asked for a treaty making it clear that an attack on any of the three signatory countries would be considered an attack upon all. The pact became effective in 1952. New Zealand's 1985 refusal to allow U.S. nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed ships to enter its ports caused the United States to abrogate its ANZUS responsibilities toward New Zealand in 1986; New Zealand has not formally withdrawn from the alliance.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The U.S.-Australia alliance under the ANZUS Treaty remains in full force and was enlarged to include cyber security at the 2011 AUSMIN meeting in San Francisco.
As an active member of the Socialist Forum, she lobbied for the scrapping of the ANZUS treaty, making Leningrad a sister city of Melbourne.
A distinguished New Zealand historian covers this small country's relations with the United States from World War II to the present--from times of close alliance through very rough times, when New Zealand turned against the United States and withdrew from the alliance (the ANZUS Treaty) based on a political anti-nuclear, anti-American agenda coming out of the war in Vietnam.
Congress, the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organization of American States (OAS), member states of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty), and the Security Treaty Between Australia, New Zealand, and the United States of America (ANZUS treaty).
In neighboring Australia, Prime Minister John Howard also paid tribute to Lange, saying, 'I respected him although I obviously disagreed very strongly with his decision to take New Zealand out of the ANZUS treaty.''
Australian diplomacy achieved its greatest triumph when the Truman administration signed the ANZUS treaty in 1951.
The Chinese ambassador in Canberra talks about a "strategic economic relationship." Australia's foreign minister has questioned whether the ANZUS treaty would automatically apply in the event of a U.S.
Australian foreign minister Alexander Downer said his government would consult with the US, as required by the ANZUS treaty, if an attack on Taiwan triggered an American military response, but whether Australia would join the fight was a separate question, he said.
One example concerns the prime minister's use of the ANZUS treaty as the basis of the operation.
Rather than try to live with the New Zealand decision, Washington withdrew its security guarantee to New Zealand under the Anzus Treaty (the 1951 tripartite defense pact among the United States, Australia and New Zealand) as a lesson to other allies.
At the conference Bruce Brown, then the NZIIA's director, examined 'the question of nuclear weapons, which most worries the critics of New Zealand's alignment, in the context of the ANZUS treaty and especially of New Zealand-Australian relations'.