Aoidos


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Aoidos

 

ancient Greek performer of epic songs. During the period when there were still no fixed texts the aoidos improvised to the accompaniment of a stringed instrument. In the Homeric epic poems the aoidos are described as singers in the service of communities or kings. There were also wandering aoidos, and their art played an essential role in the development of the Greek epic poem.

REFERENCES

Tronskii, I. M. Istoriia antichnoi literatury,3rd ed. Leningrad, 1957.
Radtsig, S. I. Istoriia drevnegrecheskoi literatury,2nd ed. [Moscow,] 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
Winged Words The figure of the aoidos in the Homeric poems
"Cognition and Type-Scenes: The Aoidos at Work." In F.
Bessone's innovative contention that Statius represents himself as a uates or an aoidos in the form of Amphion and Orpheus and therefore follows in the path of his father, a poet in Naples and Greece, lends support to the idea that the poet claims both a Roman and Greek identity, which seems natural given his hybrid Neapolitan background.
El recorrido que presenta la autora es el siguiente: el poeta arcaico es llamado aoidos (aedo, cantor o rapsoda) o, incluso, sophos (sabio), siendo considerado como un maestro de la comunidad, un inspirado portador de sabiduria y verdad.
(3) Aedos: Significa aoidos <<cantor>>, del verbo aodein, <<cantar>>, y en la Grecia antigua era el artista que cantaba epopeyas haciendose acompanar por un phorminx, instrumento musical.
Michael Caesar well grasps some of these tensions in his essay "Voice, Vision and Orality." Focusing his analysis on the interaction of singer (aoidos) and listener in the Odyssey, Caesar stresses the visible and physical social context in which the oral performance is embedded, a context shaped by contingency and interaction with the audience.
(18) The Homeric phrase polyphemos aoidos, traditionally understood as referring to a singer who either "knows many songs" (i.e., pollai phemai) or "enjoys/bestows great fame" (i.e., polle pheme) also allows the definition "of resounding voice." Singers throughout the Odyssey are endowed with exceptionally penetrating voices: in 1.325-36, Phemius song in the hall is heard by Penelope in her upstairs chamber; in 17.260-63, Odysseus and Eumaeus hear Phemius tuning his lyre before they even reach the palace; in 22.376, Odysseus tells the polyphemos aoidos to wait outside the door and later enlists him (23.130-40) to strike up an indoor wedding song that passersby will bear outside.
Tienes la forma del relato (morfe epeon), tus pensamientos son nobles (frenes esthlai) y ordenaste el discurso expertamente (epistamenos katalexas), como un aedo (aoidos), en cuanto a las miserables penas (kedea lygra) de todos los aqueos y de ti mismo (11.363-369).
Semiologos, filosofos e historiadores se han consagrado entonces a la tarea de homologar los textos historicos y literarios y de asimilar las instancias del hist?r y del aoidos. Pero aun cuando el narrativismo y el postmodernismo, desilusionados tanto por los metodos cuantitativos y seriales de la llamada <<nueva>> historiografia como por las pretensiones de veracidad de la historia institucional, hayan podido cuestionar el tradicional fundamento realista, lo han hecho al precio de propugnar el <<retorno del sujeto>> y la fenomenologia de la experiencia, y de obliterar las especificidades no solo de los textos y los discursos, sino tambien de las practicas socializadas correspondientes.
aoidos, who were experts able to identify knights in full armour from
There is no robed and garlanded aoidos, no altar, nor even
He can retain and repeat tales, as an aoidos does, thus ensuring a poetic continuity.