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Apache (əpăchˈē), Native North Americans of the Southwest composed of six culturally related groups. They speak a language that has various dialects and belongs to the Athabascan branch of the Nadene linguistic stock (see Native American languages), and their ancestors entered the area about 1100. The Navajo, who also speak an Athabascan language, were once part of the Western Apache; other groups E of the Rio Grande along the mountains were the Jicarilla, the Lipan, and the Mescalero groups. In W New Mexico and Arizona were the Western Apache, including the Chiricahua, the Coyotero, and the White Mountain Apache. The Kiowa Apache in the early southward migration attached themselves to the Kiowa, whose history they have since shared. Subsistence in historic times consisted of wild game, cactus fruits, seeds of wild shrubs and grass, livestock, grains plundered from settlements, and a small amount of horticulture. The social organization involved matrilocal residence, a rigorous mother-in-law avoidance pattern, and the husband's working for the wife's relatives.

Historically the Apache are known principally for their fierce fighting qualities. They successfully resisted the advance of Spanish colonization, but the acquisition of horses and new weapons, taken from the Spanish, led to increased intertribal warfare. The Eastern Apache were driven from their traditional plains area when (after 1720) they suffered defeat at the hands of the advancing Comanche. Relations between the Apache and the white settlers gradually worsened with the passing of Spanish rule in Mexico. By the mid-19th cent., when the United States acquired the region from Mexico, Apache lands were in the path of the American westward movement. The futile but strong resistance that lasted until the beginning of the 20th cent. brought national fame to several of the Apache leaders—Cochise, Geronimo, Mangas Coloradas, and Victorio.

Today the Apache, numbering some 50,000 in 1990, live mainly on reservations totaling over 3 million acres in Arizona and New Mexico and retain many tribal customs. Cattle, timber, tourism, and the development of mineral resources provide income. In 1982 the Apaches won a major Supreme Court test of their right to tax resources extracted from their lands.


See G. C. Baldwin, The Warrior Apaches (1965); D. L. Thrapp, The Conquest of Apacheria (1967); K. Basso and M. Opler, ed., Apachean Culture and Ethnology (1971); J. U. Terrell, Apache Chronicle (1972).

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North American Indians of Southwest who fought against frontiersmen. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 123]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a member of a North American Indian people, formerly nomadic and warlike, inhabiting the southwestern US and N Mexico
2. the language of this people, belonging to the Athapascan group of the Na-Dene phylum
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(World-Wide Web, project)
A open source HTTP server for Unix, Windows NT, and other platforms. Apache was developed in early 1995, based on code and ideas found in the most popular HTTP server of the time, NCSA httpd 1.3. It has since evolved to rival (and probably surpass) almost any other Unix based HTTP server in terms of functionality, and speed. Since April 1996 Apache has been the most popular HTTP server on the Internet, in May 1999 it was running on 57% of all web servers.

It features highly configurable error messages, DBM-based authentication databases, and content negotiation.

Latest version: 1.3.9, as of 1999-10-27.


This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)


(1) A very popular open source, Unix-based Web server from the Apache Software Foundation (www.apache.org). There are versions for all popular Unix flavors, as well as Windows, and it is considered the most widely used HTTP server on the Internet. Developed by a large group of volunteers, Apache was originally based on Version 1.3 of the HTTPd (HTTP daemon) server from the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). First released in 1995, its name was coined after the Native American Apache tribe for their legendary endurance. Because there were many "patch" files added to the original body of code, "a patchy server" was also coined as a pun on the name.

The Apache Web server is only one of many products of the Apache Software Foundation, which manages ongoing projects in every aspect of open source computing. See Web server.

(2) A PowerPC CPU from IBM optimized for commercial processing.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In the last of this trilogy of cases that involved the Indian Claims Commission there was a judgment in Lipan Apache Tribe v US (1975) 36 Ind Cl Com 7 that fixed the lands of the Apache tribe to a designated sector as determined in the previous ruling.
Lupe became chairman of the White Mountain Apache Tribe in 1966 and entered the ongoing struggle to make tribal sovereignty a reality.
Mescalero Apache Tribe (40) involved the State of New Mexico attempting to restrict tribal regulation of hunting and fishing on the reservation.
A spokesman for Belfast-based Apache Tribe said: "We distribute our clothes to shops in Ireland and the UK but you can also buy them online directly from us.
THE BIGGEST MONEY MAKERS Tribal gaming operations generate the highest gross revenues in: California $4.7 billion Connecticut $2 billion Minnesota $1.4 billion Arizona $1.2 billion Wisconsin $1 billion Michigan $870 million Source: Analysis Group GAMING REVENUES TO STATES FROM TRIBES (EXCLUDING REGULATORY COST REIMBURSEMENT) (IN MILLIONS, ESTIMATED) State FY 2004 FY 2005 Arizona $35 $86 California $130 $250 Connecticut $405 $440 Michigan $15 $16 New Mexico $63 * $46 New York ** ** Wisconsin $101 *** $104 *** * Includes a back payment of $24 million from Mescalero Apache Tribe. ** Not available.
For months his department had been planning a video about the San Carlos Apache Tribe, with the primary focus on elk--the biggest elk in the world.
Even now when I walk to my car at night I scan the horizon,as though I am a scout from a B-movie western,looking for a roaming Apache tribe planning an ambush.
In 1960, Congress enacted a statute that declared that the entire property was to be "held by the United States in trust for the White Mountain Apache Tribe, subject to the right of the Secretary of the Interior to use any part of the land and improvements for administrative or school purposes for as long as they are needed for that purpose." (48) The federal government continued to use the property and, despite becoming designated a national historic site in 1976, the fort and many of its building fell into disrepair.
Dulce (N.M.) Independent Schools Superintendent Levi Pesata, who is a member of the Jicarilla Apache tribe, says Native American students, at least in his tribe, may be at a disadvantage partly because they are more visual and hands-on learners.
* Assisting the Nez Perce Tribe in securing political and financial support for wolf restoration in Idaho and supporting Mexican wolf restoration by the White Mountain Apache Tribe.
Cibecue is a small town located on the White Mountain Apache Reseveration on the western corner of the 2.5 million acre beautiful forested lands of the Apache Tribe located in Arizona.