Aphyllophorales


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Related to Aphyllophorales: order Aphyllophorales
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aphyllophorales

 

an order of fungi from the class Basidiomycetes which includes around 4,000 species. Aphyl-lophorales have an open (gymnocarpous) hymenophore which is smooth or shaped in spines, folds, or tubules which have grown together with the flesh. Sometimes there are twisting processes and plates. The fruiting bodies of the Aphyllophorales vary from being resupinate to rising over the substrate in the form of bent-back caps, caps with a lateral or central stalk, and hoof-shaped, club-shaped, bush-shaped, and other types of caps. The fungi are annuals or perennials. They may be weblike, waxy, leathery, corklike, woody, or meaty. Saprophytes live on dead wood and in the soil; some are parasitic on trees (many Polyporales of the Stereum purpureum species) and grassy plants (Pellicularia filamentosa and others). The Aphyllophorales include the agents of wood rot and also house fungi, the destroyers of the wooden parts of structures. A few Aphyllophorales are edible (chanterelles, certain hedgehog mushrooms and fungi of the Clavarias genus, and individual Polyporales). In terms of the structure of the hymenophore and the fruiting body, the order is divided into several families: Thelephoraceae, Clavariaceae, Hydnaceae, Polyporaceae, and others.

REFERENCES

Bondartseva, M. A. Obzor poriadka Aphyllophorales Leningradskoi oblasti. Leningrad, 1963. (Dissertation résumé.)
Stepanova-Kartavenko, N. T. Afilloforovye griby Urala. Sverdlovsk, [1967].

I. I. SIDOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Polypores (Aphyllophorales, Basidiomycetes) from southern South America: a mycogeographical view.
Ranadive, "An overview of Aphyllophorales (wood rotting fungi) from India," International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, vol.
Nuevos registros de Thelephora (Aphyllophorales, Basidiomycotina) para Mexico.
Tremellales y Aphyllophorales (excluyendo Polyporaceae).
2009 Sobre la taxonomia y sistematica de hongos con especial atencion a las Aphyllophorales. Bol.
Clave de los hongos que atacan madera en la Argentina (Generos de Aphyllophorales, Basidiomycetes).
Although most fungal systematists can readily distinguish Clavariadelphus from other clavarioid, cantharelloid, craterelloid or gomphoid members of Aphyllophorales (Donk, 1933; Corner, 1950, 1970; Wells and Kempton 1968; Petersen, 1972; Petersen et al., 1974), delimitation of infrageneric taxa has been proven difficult in many cases.
Aportacion al catalogo micologico de La Rioja (Espana): Aphyllophorales: Clavariaceae, Clavulinaceae y Ramariaceae.
Descripcion de algunos Ascomycetes y Aphyllophorales (con nuevos registros para los estados de Hidalgo, Morelos y Tlaxcala).
The genus Inonotus (Aphyllophorales: Hymenochaetaceae) in Arizona.