Umbelliferae

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Related to Apiaceae: Cucurbitaceae, Rutaceae

Umbelliferae

[‚əm·bə′lif·ə‚rē]
(botany)
A large family of aromatic dicotyledonous herbs in the order Umbellales; flowers have an ovary of two carpels, ripening to form a dry fruit that splits into two halves, each containing a single seed.

Umbelliferae

 

(Apiaceae), a family of dicotyledonous plants related to the ginseng family. They are herbaceous plants—sometimes shrubs and small trees in the tropics and subtropics—with alternate, usually dissected coleophyllous leaves and often hollow stems. The inflorescences are compound but sometimes simple umbels or heads. The small flowers are usually bisexual and regular. The calyx, consisting of five small denticles at the apex of the gynaecium, is often inconspicuous but may sometimes be well developed. There are five petals and stamens, with the petal apexes usu-ally curved inward. The pistil has a half-inferior bilocular gynaecium and large developed honeycups. The fruit is a cremocarp, usually breaking up into dry monospermous lobes (mericarps) which hang from either an entire or, more often, bipartite column (carpophore). The seed has an endosperm and a small embryo and is usually fused with the pericarp. All the organs have well-developed conceptacles for essential oils and resins.

The family comprises over 280 genera (about 3,000 species), distributed over almost the entire globe, especially in the nontropical regions of the northern hemisphere. There are 140 genera (about 750 species) in the USSR. The family includes many useful plants: food plants (carrots, parsley, celery, dill, parsnip, caraway, coriander), essential-oil plants (coriander, anise, fennel, caraway, ajowan), and medicinal and industrial plants. Some members of the family are very toxic, including hemlock, cowbane, and fool’s-parsley. A number of species grow as weeds among crops.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vols. 16–17. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950–51.

V. N. TIKHOMIROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Apiaceae are frequently cited for gastroenterology (91), gynecology (90), urology (72) as well as neurology (45).
Therefore, the objective of this work was to characterize the morphology of the pollen grains from three species of the Apiaceae family, evaluate the pollen ingestion capacity by fourth instar larvae and adults of C.
In concordance with the results of the current study, the essential oils of the other species of Apiaceae family exhibited anticonvulsant properties against PTZ-induced seizure.
The phenylpropanoids anethole, myristicin, elemicin and apiol are reported in many members of Apiaceae plants [3-5, 14] and reported as the main biologically active constituents of the essential oils of these plants [5].
We selected six fossils attributed to Torricelliaceae, Araliaceae, and Apiaceae to set calibration points.
Parsnips, carrots, celery, and other members of the Apiaceae plant family have shown promising bioactivity in antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory areas, and in anti-cancer effects which may contribute to important nutraceuticals, according to a preliminary study in the January 2011 journal, Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture.
Apiaceae is a large plant family yielding many vegetables and seasonings, along with some of the most deadly poisons.
maritimum with those of another species from the Apiaceae family, Aegopodium podagraria.
San Marcos, Guatemala Familia Especies Asteraceae 24 Poaceae 9 Rosaceae 8 Lamiaceae 7 Apiaceae 5 Solanaceae 5 Hypnaceae 3 Onagraceae 3 Orobanchaceae 3 Pinaceae 3 Araliaceae 2 Asparagaceae 2 Dryopteridaceae 2 Ericaceae 2 Fabaceae 2 Geraniaceae 2 Rubiaceae 2 Pteridaceae 2 Scrophulariaceae 2 31 familias 1 c/u Total 50 familias 119 Genero Especies Salvia 5 Alchemilla 4 Bidens 4 Senecio 3 Solanum 3 Stevia 3 Arracacia 2 Bromus 2 Buddleja 2 Eryngium 2 Fuchsia 2 Geranium 2 Lamourouxia 2 Pinus 2 Piptochaetium 2 Polystichum 2 Verbesina 2 75 generos 1 c/u 92 generos 119 Division Especies Briophyta 6 Polypodiophyta 7 Pinophyta 4 Magnoliophyta 102 Total 119 Estrato Especies Herbaceo inferior 33 Altura 0.
These are abundantly present in Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Rutaceae, Apiaceae, Myrtaceae, etc.
The Apiaceae and the Zingiberaceae family provided 5 plants each, while the Piperaceae family provided 4 plants.