apnea

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Related to Apnea of prematurity: respiratory distress syndrome

apnea

[′ap·nē·ə]
(medicine)
A transient cessation of respiration.
References in periodicals archive ?
The differences in long-term outcomes of infants with apnea of prematurity vs infants without it are subtle, if present at all.
In the earlier CAP (Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity) trial, 793 premature infants with birthweights of 500-1,250 g were randomly assigned to receive either caffeine or placebo until therapy for apnea of prematurity was no longer needed.
Timely interpretation is essential for differentiating diagnoses and for medication adjustment, especially in light of the recent findings of the benefits of the use of caffeine in apnea of prematurity in preventing long-term pulmonary and neurodevelopmental consequences of prematurity (Schmidt et al.
While caffeine and other methylxanthines have been used as respiratory stimulants for apnea of prematurity for more than 30 years, these findings show for the first time that the benefits of caffeine therapy "outweigh any potential risks up to 2 years after very preterm birth," the investigators said.
If pharmacological therapy is needed to stimulate breathing in apnea of prematurity (AOP), methylxanthines are considered the first-line agents of choice.
A head-to-head comparison of four nasal continuous positive airway pressure devices for apnea of prematurity indicated that devices employing "infant flow driver" technology are significantly superior to a standard intermittent mechanical ventilation device and are at least as good as an underwater bubble system.