Apocynaceae


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Related to Apocynaceae: Asclepiadaceae, Gentianales

Apocynaceae

[ə‚päs·ə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of tropical and subtropical flowering trees, shrubs, and vines in the order Gentianales, characterized by a well-developed latex system, granular pollen, a poorly developed corona, and the carpels often united by the style and stigma; well-known members are oleander and periwinkle.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Apocynaceae

 

(dogbane), a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are trees, shrubs, lianas, and subshrubs; less frequently, they are perennial herbs. The plants often contain a milky juice. The leaves are simple, entire, and generally opposite. The flowers, which are solitary or in inflorescences, are bisexual, regular, and usually five-lobed. The calyx often has internal glands. The corolla is usually tubular and twisted. There are more than 200 genera (over 2,000 species), distributed predominantly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. Important species in the USSR include dogbanes of the genus Apocynum, which yield fiber, and periwinkles of the genus Vinca and oleanders of the genus Nerium, which are cultivated as ornamentals. Many plants of this family are rubber plants (for example, Landolphia, Fun-tumia, and Clitandra); others yield valuable wood (Aspidos-perma), edible fruits (Carissa), tannins (quebracho), and dyes (Wrightia). Several plants, including those of the genera Rau-volfia and Strophantus, are poisonous and are used as medicinal plants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Literature survey has highlighted the medicinal properties of Nerium oleander L (Family: Apocynaceae) like anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anticancer, antinociceptive, insecticidal and CNS depressant activity (Ali et al., 2008; Zibbu and Batra, 2010).
proporcionaron una lista de especies de Apocynaceae presentes en el pais, donde se reconocen 21 especies para la entidad.
(Apocynaceae) Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Rubiaceae) Guaiacum officinale L.
The presence of laticifers in the bark is common in species of Apocynaceae, Clusiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae and Sapotaceae in the Amazon forest (Ribeiro et al., 1999), whose success laticiferous plants in different environments compared to non laticiferous, is due to functions commonly attributed to latex to protect against herbivory and sealing injuries (Metcalfe, 1967; Mahlberg, 1993).