dogbane

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Related to Apocynum: Apocynum androsaemifolium

dogbane,

common name for some members of the Apocynaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees found in most parts of the world but especially in the tropics, where they are often climbing forms. Many species are native to or naturalized in North America. Members of the family are sources of such economically important products as drugs and tannins. The vincristine alkaloids that are so effective in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease were discovered in the Madagascar periwinkle, Catharanthus roseus. Quebrachoquebracho
, name for a tanning substance and for the trees from which it comes, chiefly the red quebracho, or quebracho colorado (Schinopsis lorentzii), of the family Anacardiaceae (sumac family).
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 is obtained from Aspidosperma quebracho blanco, the white quebracho; latex for rubber was extracted from some tropical genera, e.g., Landolphia; and fiber, e.g., Indian hemp, is retted from north temperate species of Apocynum, the dogbane genus (not to be confused with the Indian hemp plant, Cannabis). Some dogbanes are ornamentals, e.g., the shrubby oleanders, or rosebays (genus Nerium), the yellow oleander (Thevetia neriifolia), and the small blue-flowered periwinkles, or running myrtle (chiefly Vinca minor), all of which are evergreen plants native to the Old World. The dogbane family is closely related and similar to the milkweed family; both have a characteristic milky sap. Some dogbanes are poisonous, e.g., the oleanders and the ordeal tree (Tanghinia venenifera) of Madagascar. Dogbane is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Gentianales.

dogbane

symbol for deceit. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 458]
See: Deceit
References in periodicals archive ?
Uchida, "Antidepressant effects of apocynum venetum leaves in a forced swimming test," Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol.
Floral morphology and late-acting self-incompatibility in Apocynum cannabinum (Apocynaceae).
Dogbane (Apocynum spp.) All parts of plant are poisonous.
Species Modelling Name Common Horsetail HORSETAIL (Equisetum arvense) Grass GRASS Willow (Salix sp.) WILLOW Red-Osier Dogwood DOGWOOD (Corpus stolonifera) Sitka Alder (Alnus crispa) ALDER Western Red Cedar CEDAR (Thuja plicata) Spruce (Picea sp.) SPRUCE Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus) THIMBLEBERRY Common Red Paintbrush PAINTBRUSH (Castilleja miniata) Black Twinberry TWINBERRY (Lonicera involucrata) Spreading Dogbane DOGBANE (Apocynum androsaemifolium) Lupine (Lurpinus sp.) LUPINE Aspen (Populus tremuloides) ASPEN Table 4.
ambigua 0.01 0.07 0.08 Rosa multiora 0.17 0.03 0.20 Umus americana 0.01 0.07 0.08 Viburnum recognitum 0.20 0.21 0.41 Herbs Agrimonia gryposepala 0.04 0.04 Agrostis perennans 0.05 0.05 Antboxanthum odoratum 0.08 0.08 Apocynum cannabinum 0.05 0.05 Danthonia spicata 0.04 0.04 Fragaria virginiana 0.04 0.04 Glyceria striata 0.04 0.04 Holcbus lanatus 0.05 0.05 Potentilla simplex 0.05 0.05 Rosa multiflora 0.05 0.05 Solidago altissima 0.05 0.05 Solidago juncea 0.05 0.05 Solidago nemoralis 0.05 0.05 Toxicodendron radicans 0.04 0.04 * Columns are coded as: RDE = relative density, RF = relative percent frequency, I = importance index.
(2000) found that the patches of perennial weeds like hemp dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum L.) occurred at about the same location over 4 yr and that regression analysis indicated that there was strong relation between patch area in consecutive years, although they reported that patch area increased more than 100% when a fallow was included in the rotation.
Similarly, ten cakes of saskatoon berries could be exchanged for one large buckskin, Indian-hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), a fibre plant used for cordage, fishline and fishnets, was also widely traded; the value of this plant was indicated by James A.
The broadleaf weeds present at the 2000 site were hemp doghane (Apocynum cannabinum L.), horsenettle, prostrate spurge (Euphorbia humistrata Engelm.
They linked one gentle hand-stroke a week to about a 60 percent jump in insect damage to the leaves of Apocynum cannabinum, or Indian hemp.
(common virgin's-bower), Nasturtium palustre (marsh cress), Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked crowfoot), Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed), Aster Tradescanti (Tradescant's aster), Aster miser, also longifolius, Eupatorium purpureum apparently, lake shores (Joe-Pye-weed), Apocynum Cannabinum East Branch (Indian hemp), Polygonum cilinode (bindweed), and others.
Steer+Sheep ploLs were grazed by steers from mid-April to midjuly and grazed by sheep from early August to early October Scientific name Common name Nectar source Acalypha virginica Virginia copperleaf y Achillea millefolium Western yarrow y Ambrosia artemisiifolia Common ragweed Ambrosia bidentata Lanceleaf ragweed Ambrosia psilostachya Western ragweed Ambrosia trifida Giant ragweed Amphiachyris Annual broomweed dracunculoides Antennaria neglrcla Field pussytoes Apocynum cannabinum Hemp dogbane Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed s Asclepias viridis Green antelopehorn s Baptisia australis Blue wildindigo y Baptisia bracteata var.
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 22, 2017-Shineco signs CNY1.12bn strategic cooperation agreement for Apocynum Industrial Park Projects in Xinjiang, China