Apollo Butterfly

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Apollo Butterfly

 

(Parnassius apollo), diurnal butterfly of the family Papilionidae. The wings are white, transparent at the tops, with black and red spots, and the wingspan is up to 9 cm. The apollo butterfly is found in the mountains of Europe, in the Caucasus, in southern Siberia, and on the plains in many European parts of the USSR. In June and July it flies in pine coppices. The larva lives on orpine and houseleek.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Apollo butterfly larvae eat stonecrop and store for defense a compound from it called sarmentosin.
On the Swedish apollo butterfly with an attempt to explain its decline.
A cyanoglucoside stored by a Sedum-feeding Apollo butterfly, Parnassius phoebus.