Apollodorus (əpŏl'ōdôr`əs), fl. 430–400 B.C., Athenian painter, called the Shadower, said to have introduced the use of light and shade to model form. Among his few known works are Ajax Struck by Lightning and Priest in the Act of Devotion; both were at Pergamum in the time of Pliny the Elder; none has survived.
Apollodorus (of Athens), fl. 2d cent. B.C., Greek scholar. He wrote many works on grammar, history, and mythology. His best-known books, only fragments of which survive, are On the Gods, a prose treatise; and his verse Chronicle, treating Greek history from the fall of Troy.