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in religion: see heresyheresy,
in religion, especially in Christianity, beliefs or views held by a member of a church that contradict its orthodoxy, or core doctrines. It is distinguished from apostasy, which is a complete abandonment of faith that makes the apostate a deserter, or former member.
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See also Sacrilege.
Aholah and Aholibah
symbolize Samaria’s and Jerusalem’s abandonment to idols. [O.T.: Ezekiel 23:4]
heretical sect; advocated Manichaean dualism. [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 53]
4th-century heretical sect; denied Christ’s divinity. [Christian Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 43]
heretical group; always break eggs unlawfully at large end. [Br. Lit.: Gulliver’s Travels]
heretical Christian sect in 12th and 13th centuries; professed a neo-Manichaean dualism. [Christian Hist.: EB, II: 639]
Christian group in North Africa who broke with Catholicism (312). [Christian Hist.: EB, III: 618]
2nd- and 3rd-century Christian ascetic sect that retained a Jewish emphasis. [Christian Hist.: EB, III: 768]
doctrine declaring state is superior to the church in ecclesiastical affairs (1524–1543). [Christian Hist.: EB, III: 937]
Fires of Smithfield
Marian martyrs burnt at stake as heretics. [Br. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1013]
heretical theological movement in Greco-Roman world of 2nd century. [Christian Hist.: EB, IV: 587]
Roman Catholic tribunal engaged in combating and suppressing heresy. [Christian Hist.: NCE, 1352]
unorthodox Roman Catholic movement of the 17th and 18th centuries led by Cornelius Jansen. [Christian Hist.: EB, V: 515]
Julian the Apostate
(331–363) Roman emperor, educated as a Christian but renounced Christianity when he became emperor. [Rom. Hist.: Benét, 533]
in late medieval England, a name given to followers of unorthodox philosopher John Wycliffe. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 306]
appellation of any heretic, Jew or non-Jew. [Judaism: Wigoder, 417]
heretical Christian sect who questioned the divine and human nature of Jesus. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 1003]
2nd-century heretical Christian movement led by prophet Montanus. [Christian Hist.: EB, VI: 1012]
3rd-century Christian heresy led by Sabellius. [Christian Hist.: EB, VIII: 747]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
13 Herbert Palmer, The Glass of God's Providence (1644), 36; William Reyner, Orders from the Lord of Hosts (1646), 7-8, 9, 13; Thomas Case, The Root of Apostacy (1644), 9-10; Henry Hall, Heaven Ravished (1644), 29.
The wording of lines 48.6, 8 - "natiue soyle" "forreine spoyle" - seems to derive from John Higgins's Mirror for Magistrates, where Higgins's "Irenglas" declares his patriotism; "At all assayes, to saue my natiue soyle: / (With all my labour, trauayle, payne, and toyle) / Both from the force of foes, and forayne spoyle" (221).(12) "Irenglas" is Geoffrey's Hirelgdas, nephew of King Cassivellaunus, and killed at the hands of Androgeus's kinsman Cuelinus; Androgeus's apostacy resulted from his support of Cuelinus in spite of the angered Cassivellaunus (314).
In the latter, Astell cautions White Kennett, alluding unmistakably to what she considers to be Locke's religious apostacy in The Reasonableness of Christianity, a constant refrain with her:
Since receiving divine revelation in a dream, vision, voice, or tongue during the church age is the height of apostacy for Calvinists, Camping settled on that as the criterion for false prophecy he safely did not meet.
Bernstein, Tibelius Sempronius Gracchus: Tradition and Apostacy (London, 1978), pp.
Of Pitt, Horace Walpole says, "His fine orations cannot be delivered adequately without his own language; nor will they appear so cold to the reader, as they even do to myself, when I attempt to sketch them, and cannot forget with what soul and grace they were uttered."(29) He also says, "But where he chiefly shone, was in exposing his own conduct: having waded through the most notorious apostacy in politics, he treated it with an impudent confidence, that made all reflections upon him poor and spiritless, when worded by any other man."(30) The same divided judgment is needed by Gibbon to praise the splendor of Longinus's eloquence, and sufficiently to condemn his poverty of spirit.
But in 1914 'the progress of mankind on the path of liberty and humanity has been suddenly arrested and its promise discredited by the apostacy of a great people, who now openly avow that the ultimate faith of their hearts is in material Force'.