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in early Christian literature—especially in the oldest landmark, the Didache (Teaching of the Twelve Apostles)—the wandering preachers of Christianity.

In the New Testament the term “apostle” is also used as a designation for the closest followers of Christ; synonyms of this meaning are “disciples,” or “the twelve.” According to the Gospels, they were Andrew, Bartholomew, John, Judas Iscariot, Matthew, Peter, Simon Zelotes (or Simon the Canaanite), Thaddeus (or Judas, the son or brother of James), Philip, Thomas, James (son of Alphaeus), and James (son of Zebedee). After Judas Iscariot’s betrayal, Matthias (not to be confused with Matthew) was chosen in his place. Paul also included himself among the apostles. Christian tradition (as expounded in the Acts of the Apostles and in the apocryphal biographies of the apostles) connects the spread of Christianity with the activity of the twelve apostles and Paul. Doubts concerning the historical authenticity of these apostles, expressed by some researchers, are hypercritical. It is certain, however, that neither the so-called Apostles’ Creed nor the apostolic constitutions and canons (which were written later) belong to the apostles.

In contemporary speech apostle is used figuratively to refer to a zealous follower of any kind of idea or doctrine.


References in periodicals archive ?
I happened to spot these features fairly close to the current Twelve Apostles.
But then something happened--and the apostles were so different, so completely transformed, that even an unbeliever would be forced to admit an X-factor.
The argument rests on the premise that Keynes's claim that the Apostles' ideal was 'unworldly' means that economic and political activities were discouraged or prohibited for them: 'The Apostles, or rather the Apostles as Strachey saw them in 1905, .
Christ intended that the power of the apostles should be exercised also by their successors.
Visiting the Twelve Apostles site today, Mr Smith said the $1 million investment will create better visitor experiences along the spectacular South West Victorian coastline.
This respect for the teachings of the apostles grows into a respect for their writings and the writings of their followers as scripture, the witness inspired and guided by the Spirit.
Around the successor of Peter, but almost in the physical presence of the first of the apostles - to whom, with Paul, we owe the foundation of this church - we will be called to profess our faith once more with conviction and strength.
What the apostles didn't grasp right away was the significance of the fact that Moses and Elijah were "talking with" Jesus.
3) Yet, in focusing narrowly on sections nine through eleven of Gregory's Homilia in Evangelia XXIX (the immediate source for Cynewulf's poem), scholars have largely neglected to notice the ways in which other biblical and patristic portrayals of Jesus's at times fraught relationship with the apostles (as in the passage from Mark's Gospel) may have influenced Cynewulf's interpretation of the Ascension event and its meaning.
The second study is less about the "families" of the apostles than of their "married status.
Philip the Apostle, one of the original 12 disciples of Christianity's central figure Jesus Christ, has been discovered during the ongoing excavations in Turkey's south-western province of Denizli.
In Toronto, Jesus started to ascend the stairs of the 'God-above' tower, but then returned to the stage, to earth, to talk with his apostles rather than to the angels as he was ascending.