apostrophe

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apostrophe

An apostrophe is a punctuation mark that primarily serves to indicate either grammatical possession or the contraction of two words. It can also sometimes be used to pluralize irregular nouns, such as single letters, abbreviations, and single-digit numbers.
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apostrophe:

see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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; abbreviationabbreviation,
in writing, arbitrary shortening of a word, usually by cutting off letters from the end, as in U.S. and Gen. (General). Contraction serves the same purpose but is understood strictly to be the shortening of a word by cutting out letters in the middle, the omission
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.

apostrophe,

figure of speech in which an absent person, a personified inanimate being, or an abstraction is addressed as though present. The term is derived from a Greek word meaning "a turning away," and this sense is maintained when a narrative or dramatic thread is broken in order to digress by speaking directly to someone not there, e.g., "Envy, be silent and attend!"—Alexander Pope, "On a Certain Lady at Court."

Apostrophe

 

comma written above the line, used in writing for various functions: (1) In French, Italian, English, and other languages the apostrophe is used to indicate the omission of a vowel (the French I’homme instead of le homme, the English “don’t” instead of “do not,” and so on).

(2) In the orthography of the Nenets language it is used to indicate glottal stops.

(3) The apostrophe is used in transcription to convey glottal stops (in Semitic and other languages), to indicate soft consonants, and so on.

(4) In Russian writing it is used in places where foreign languages use apostrophes in proper names (Jeanne d’Arc, O’Casey); in the 1920’s and 1930’s the apostrophe was also used in place of the “hard sign” Ъ (pod’ezd instead of podЪezd).


Apostrophe

 

a word or group of words naming the person or object to which speech is addressed. Apostrophe may be used within or outside a sentence. It is not bound grammatically to the other parts of a sentence. Apostrophe is widely used in literary language to convey dialogue. For example:

(Famusov:) “Sergei Sergeich, can this be you!”

A. S. Griboedov, Woe From Wit

It is also used in the speech of the narrator to address an individual. For example:

“And you, exile,” I thought, “weep on your vast, free steppes.”

M. Iu. Lermontov, Bela

Or it may be used to address an inanimate object:

“Loosen up, shoulder! Swing, arm!

You, wind, blow in the face from afternoon on!”

A. V. Kol’tsov, “The Mower”

apostrophe

References in periodicals archive ?
Among other subjects dealt with by the self confessed grammar guru it asks: "Why do apostrophes keep turning up in the wrong place?" Gyles, a former Oxford Scholar and President of the Oxford Union, says: "I love a well-placed apostrophe.
Employers may be put off by amateur CV errors like adding in rogue apostrophes, using Americanisms or forgetting to put the 'i' before the 'e'.
Omitting apostrophes or inserting them in wrong places seem to be an accepted practice.
"Football: If you're looking to make friends, get fit (and get a cheeky few beers in!) join the under 25s." Each time I see it, I fight the urge to stop the car, take a pen, and draw an apostrophe above the "you're".
The letters with apostrophes in new Latin alphabet were also viewed negatively by Kazakh scientists and language specialists.
apparently straightforward trope of apostrophe simply loses its
Apostrophes are most often used for omission or possession.
I have a thing with apostrophes. In this column you've heard me say, loudly and often, that apostrophes make contractions (you've) and indicate possession (Karin's apostrophe obsession).
street naming rules Montage:HADYN IBALL IN THE NEWS Re Apostrophes and celebrities earn street name reprieve in Denbighshire Vic Creeky Local government at it''s worse.
Meanwhile the Society for the Preservation of the Apostrophe has declared war on Cambridge city council for removing the apostrophes from new street names.
Surely it is not too much to suggest to teachers that at some stage a teacher should have explained that simple plurals do not take apostrophes. Yet high streets are full of shops displaying signs offering "key's cut", "shoe's repaired" and "fresh apple's and strawberry's for sale".