Appenzell(redirected from Appenzellerland)
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Appenzell (äˈpəntsĕl), canton, NE Switzerland. A rural and sparsely populated region, it is mainly a meadowland dotted with small farms. Appenzell retains many ancient customs and has been famous for centuries as a textile and embroidery center. It was ruled after the 11th cent. by the abbots of St. Gall, against whom it revolted in 1403. In 1411, Appenzell allied itself with the Swiss Confederation, which had helped defeat the abbots. It became a Swiss canton in 1513, and in 1597 it was split into two independent half cantons. Ausser-Rhoden, 94 sq mi (243 sq km), with its capital at Herisau, accepted the Reformation; Inner-Rhoden, 67 sq mi (174 sq km), with its capital at the town of Appenzell, remained Catholic.
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1. a canton of NE Switzerland, divided in 1597 into the Protestant demicanton of Appenzell Outer Rhodes and the Catholic demicanton of Appenzell Inner Rhodes. Capitals: Herisau and Appenzell. Pop.: 53 200 and Pop.: 15 000 (2002 est.) respectively. Areas: 243 sq. km (94 sq. miles) and 171 sq. km (66 sq. miles) respectively
2. a town in NE Switzerland, capital of Appenzell Inner Rhodes demicanton. Pop.: 5447 (2000)
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