Apple II

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Apple II

An 8-bit personal computer with a 6502 processor, from Apple Computer. It was invented by Steve Wozniak and was very popular from about 1980 until the first several years of MS-DOS IBM PCs.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (

Apple II

The computer family from Apple that pioneered the microcomputer revolution. It was widely used in schools and home and manufactured up to 1994. Using an 8-bit 6502 microprocessor running at 1 MHz and an 8-bit bus, it ran the Apple DOS and ProDOS operating systems. AppleSoft BASIC was built in (in a ROM chip). With a Z80 microprocessor board plugged in, Apple IIs could run CP/M programs, which were the predominant desktop business software of the time (see CPM).

Apple II, II Plus, IIe and IIc
Introduced in 1977, the Apple II came with 4K of RAM and hooked up to a TV and cassette tape recorder. A year later, a floppy disk was available. In 1979 and 1983, Apple introduced the Apple II Plus and Apple IIe respectively with more RAM and other improvements. A portable Apple IIc (C=compact) with a built-in floppy drive came out in 1984.

Apple IIGS (GS=Graphics/Sound)
Introduced in 1986 and discontinued in 1992, the faster IIGS had better graphics and sound. It ran Apple II software, but required GS software to use the enhanced features. See Apple III and Apple 1.

Original Apple II
This was the very first Apple II in 1978. A TV set was often used as a monitor in the beginning. (Image courtesy of Apple Inc.)

Apple IIe (E=Enhanced)
The streamlined IIe included a numeric keypad and four cursor keys instead of two. (Image courtesy of Apple Inc.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
The TRS-80, later dubbed the Model I, and its successors were top sellers into the mid-1980s, outselling the Apple II series for several years--at one point by as much as five to one, according to some analysts.
A number of different models of the Apple II series were built, including the Apple lie and Apple IIGS, which could still be found in schools as late as 2005.
In 1985 only 15 percent of the features discussed the Macintosh in libraries in any fashion, the majority of the reports focusing on the use of the Apple II series. The kinds of uses discussed for the Macintosh in 1985 were traditional administrative chores -- word processing, spreadsheets, and database management -- and connectivity in the form of online searching.
LibraryBrowser for the Apple II series will be sold for $79.00 per copy, $795.00 for a school site license, and $5,995 for a district wide license.
The Apple II series, especially the IIGS, is also a viable platform for hypermedia applications.
Available now only for the Apple II series of computers, the Load From A Disk software will hopefully be available soon to users of other popular machines.
For the past three years, users of the Apple II series have been forced to watch with envy while Mac owners have had fun using HyperCard, Apple's software tool kit for the Macintosh.
A system that can handle rates between 15.75 KHz and 33 KHz will work with most personal computers including IBM PCs and compatibles, the Apple II series and the Macintosh family.
Apple Computer has introduced its own CD-ROM drive for the Macintosh and Apple II series called the AppleCD SC[TM] (see Figure 1).
Here two kinds of personal computers were in general use - tile MSDOS computer and the earlier Apple II series. In some cases, the Mac would be a third.