Applegate, Jesse

Applegate, Jesse,

1811–88, American pioneer in Oregon, b. Kentucky. With his family he moved (1821) to Missouri, and there in 1843 he joined the Great Migration of more than 900 people over the Oregon TrailOregon Trail,
overland emigrant route in the United States from the Missouri River to the Columbia River country (all of which was then called Oregon). The pioneers by wagon train did not, however, follow any single narrow route.
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—a trek pictured in his Day with the Cow Column in 1843 (ed. by Joseph Schafer, 1934, pub. with Recollections of My Boyhood by Applegate's nephew). A leader on the westward journey, he was elected (1845) a member of the legislative committee of the provisional government that ruled Oregon until it became (1849) a U.S. territory. Later he helped organize the new government and, as surveyor general, did much exploring and opened a wagon route to California.
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Applegate, Jesse

(1811–88) colonist, cattleman; born in Kentucky. He went to Oregon in 1843 and opened the southern road to that area in 1845. He raised beef cattle in the Umpqua valley and wrote the Western classic A Day with the Cow Column in 1843 (1876). He was an influential supporter of President Abraham Lincoln and the Union.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.