applet

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Related to Applets: Servlets

applet

Computing a computer program that runs within a page on the World Wide Web
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

applet

[′ap·lət]
(computer science)
A small program, typically written in Java.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

applet

(World-Wide Web)
A Java program which can be distributed as an attachment in a World-Wide Web document and executed by a Java-enabled web browser such as Sun's HotJava, Netscape Navigator version 2.0, or Internet Explorer.

Navigator severely restricts the applet's file system and network access in order to prevent accidental or deliberate security violations. Full Java applications, which run outside of the browser, do not have these restrictions.

Web browsers can also be extended with plug-ins though these differ from applets in that they usually require manual installation and are platform-specific. Various other languages can now be embedded within HTML documents, the most common being JavaScript.

Despite Java's aim to be a "write once, run anywhere" language, the difficulty of accomodating the variety of browsers in use on the Internet has led many to abandon client-side processing in favour of server-side Java programs for which the term servlet was coined.

Merriam Webster "Collegiate Edition" gives a 1990 definition: a short application program especially for performing a simple specific task.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

applet

A small application, such as a utility program or limited-function spreadsheet or word processor. Java programs that are run from the browser are always known as applets. See midlet, crapplet and Java applet.
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References in periodicals archive ?
* Applets help the learner solve mathematical problems easily and in a short time.
Before the simulation, we have to prepare the Java card by loading the applets we designed.
Table 4 summarises other applets and customised spreadsheets that address the development of skills to do with fitting trend models and predicting from them, and still others that target understanding to do with trend models.
The three-minute video demonstrated the risks associated with downloading and installing unverified Java Applets. The video started by demonstrating a user being prompted to install a Java Applet during a web browsing session.
When the teacher directed her students to check their answers using a web-based applet, video data revealed that the students were able to verify their initial thought that 1/4 > 1/10 and 7/8 > 3/8 in less than a minute.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an instructional program to facilitate Year 9 students' understanding of gas and liquid pressure concepts using simulation applets. The study was conducted as an activity of the science department's Professional Learning Community (PLC) in a Singapore independent secondary school for boys.
The Java exploit that made headlines this month infected users with malware when they clicked on websites packed with dangerous Java applets. Bitdefender Java.Exploit.CVE-2012-4681.F detection instantly blocks the applets, making the malware impossible to be installed on users' devices.
Other Sections may wish to request additions to the range of applets, or extensions to existing features (the Kreutz feature is a prime example).
The book begins with an in-depth tutorial on the Java language, from basics such as data types and operators to advanced topics such as exception handling and applets. The largest section of the book covers the Java API library.
OCR checkpoints allow users to verify graphic-based text in objects, such as images charts, graphs, Flash-based application, and Java applets, that QA Wizard cannot recognize using more traditional techniques.