Applied Linguistics

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Applied Linguistics


a division of linguistics that studies methods of solving practical problems associated with the optimization of language use. Applied linguistics not only depends on general linguistic theory but also influences it, since special research, which constitutes the basic content of applied linguistics, is usually required to solve practical problems.

Applied linguistics has existed as a scientific discipline since the second half of the 20th century. Its range is determined by practical needs. Applied linguistics has taken five principal directions:

(1) Recording and preservation of speech information. This includes the creation of alphabets and writing systems, as well as orthography, practical transcription and transliteration, chiefly in connection with geographic and proper names, and the creation of machine languages.

(2) Transfer of speech information. This encompasses the theory of translation, primarily scientific and technical translation, and the creation of automatic translation systems. Also included are automatic recognition and synthesis of speech, foreign-language-teaching theory, and the teaching of language to deaf-mutes and blind deaf-mutes. The theory of speech perceptibility is studied to improve speech transmission in the communications media.

(3) Automation of intellectual activity associated with the use of language. This includes the creation of systems of artificial intelligence for automated information retrieval systems and also the creation of automatic information annotating and abstracting systems.

(4) Use of language in medicine. Neurolinguistics studies speech pathologies and aphasia to diagnose brain damage.

(5) Use of language as a means of mass communication. This embraces language planning in countries with multilingual populations and language standardization—prescriptive grammars and dictionaries, orthoepy, standardized terminology, and the study of trademarks. It also includes the creation of artificial international languages, field linguistics (describing unstudied languages), and the study of the influence of language on human behavior through content analysis and the linguistic theory of advertising and propaganda.


Strukturnoe i prikladnoe iazykoznanie: Bibliograficheskii ukazatel’ literatury, izdannoi v SSSR s 1918 po 1963. Moscow, 1965.
Mel’chuk, I. A., and R. A. Ravich. Avtomaticheskii perevod, 1949-1963: Kritiko-bibliograficheskii spravochnik. Moscow, 1967.
Mel’chuk, I. A., and R. A. Ravich. Avtomaticheskiiperevod, 1964-1970. Moscow, 1974.


References in periodicals archive ?
She further told that conference would comprise various themes of English Linguistics and Literature which include Applied Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, World Literature, Comparative Literature and Computer Assisted Language Learning.
She further told that conference would comprise various themes of English Lingusitics and Literature which include Applied Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, World Literature, Comparative Literature and Computer Assisted Language Learning.
This volume brings together researchers and teachers from the School of Applied Linguistics at the Zurich U.
The research, conducted by Swansea University's Department of Applied Linguistics, involved studying the language and methods in numerous chat logs from convicted paedophiles.
She is co-editor of TESOLs Applied Linguistics Interest Section forum and is co-author with H.
Finally, I am happy to announce that Carla Marello, Professor of Applied Linguistics at the University of Turin, has joined our Editorial Board.
The lecturer's participation comes at the invitation of the Centre for Applied Linguistics (CLA) of University of Franche-Comte, France, marking International Women's Day, which coincides with the month of Francophonie.
Some of the multifaceted contexts covered by Corpus Linguistics (CL) are dealt with in an introduction, thirteen chapters and an afterword, organised in five different sections: (i) Corpora in Applied Linguistics, (ii) Corpora and institutional use of language, (iii) Corpora and Applied Linguistics domains, (iv) Corpora in new spheres of study and (v) Corpora, Language learning and pedagogy.
Scholars from natural language processing and theoretical and applied linguistics begin with what may be the first formal definition of dependency structure, mathematically derived from simpler notions of fragments and connections.
Welcoming the suspension of the system, Sabria S Jawhar, a Saudi columnist and assistant professor of applied linguistics at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, told Arab News that the notification should have never been introduced because it is humiliating for women.
The 15 new academics slated to join GU-Q's Education City campus in the new academic year belong to various disciplines, including economics, applied linguistics, English, world literature, and Arabic language, literature and culture.
Rami Al-Hamadallah: Date of Birth: 08/10/1958 Nationality: Palestinian Degree: PhD in Applied Linguistics, Britain.

Full browser ?