Though the notes of the appoggiatura
do not belong, properly, to the tonal system established by the chord, "they are indispensable to the expressive and contrapuntal life of music; let us preserve them by enlarging them.
Sacred oratorio maintained a degree of improvisational freedom throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century, enabling singers the scope to ornament melodic lines with an elaborate vocabulary of passing tones, turns, trills, appoggiaturas
and other filigree.
The first two sections of the book discuss appoggiaturas
and trills as found in the A-Minor Concerto, and the last section covers ornaments not found in the piece, but occurring in other C.
This creates a pronounced leaning on the first note, an appoggiatura
, and so renders it more "moving.
Modern performers would infer this to mean to hold the appoggiatura
for half of the value of the following quarter note, rather than the shorter rendition as suggested by the original notation.
A slashed appoggiatura
appeared in line 11 of "Siege of New York" (item C)--an unusual ornament for this period.
2 of his Versuch) advises the keyboardist to avoid a clash by not doubling the appoggiatura
and to allow the melodic part rhythmic freedom in resolving the dissonance.
After dividing types of ornamentation into graces and divisions, he devotes the largest part of his discussion to the appoggiatura
, no doubt in response to the amount of attention devoted to it recently by certain scholars.
1 of BWV 1001: the slur in the second beat is obviously too short, and should cover the whole group to the end of the beat; and there is a slur missing from the 7-6 appoggiatura
in the third beat.
Most highlights came from the soloists, especially counter tenor William Purefoy, who embellished da capo repeats in appropriate Baroque fashion and exploited the expressive power of appoggiaturas
to marvellous effect.
In his one aria, "Dalla sua pace," he adds a number of turns and appoggiaturas
that seem unnecessary Virovlansky is an enticing and natural Zerlina, showing off a perfect soubrette voice for the role.
Not infrequently, manuscripts contain later manuscript annotations, appoggiaturas
, corrections to the musical text, light passage-work, even cadenzas and impressive additional flourishes.