The first measure of the fourth piece [Le Verbe]: an enlarged appoggiatura
of the ff pedal theme at the beginning of this same piece: an enlarged appoggiatura
on G." Translation in Holloway, "Organ Works," 477.
Sacred oratorio maintained a degree of improvisational freedom throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century, enabling singers the scope to ornament melodic lines with an elaborate vocabulary of passing tones, turns, trills, appoggiaturas
and other filigree.
The people of this stanza--mother, children, the subject of the last sentence--are very different from the unsituated "they" of its beginning or from Everyman leaning, like an appoggiatura
, on the world.
Bach's rules for the duration of an appoggiatura
before a dotted note.(16)
The descending semitone appoggiatura
C over A[sharp] in measure 4 creates the intervals of a whole step and then a half step.
When Mackerras complained that there was "not one damn appoggiatura
the whole evening," the reply was, "Herr Mackerras ...
Byrd eschews a full close on A with an evasive cadence above which the b', serving as an appoggiatura
to the a', is flattened to mitigate the tritone which would otherwise have arisen with the bass f; the harsh dissonance this creates with the a in the left hand is another contributing factor to the overall effect.
1 of BWV 1001: the slur in the second beat is obviously too short, and should cover the whole group to the end of the beat; and there is a slur missing from the 7-6 appoggiatura
in the third beat.
IN AUTHORITATIVE MODERN EDITIONS of eighteenth century operas, it is commonplace to see many editorial cues inserted into recitatives to change the penultimate note of a repeated note feminine line ending to an appoggiatura
. For example, nearly all of those in Christoph Willibald Gluck's Orfeo ed Euridice have an editorial appoggiatura
added above the staff, as in the recitative "Ecco un nuovo tormento!", which has six instances in four measures (Example 1).
To mention a few, what features of notation should be normalized and why; what is the true difference between appoggiatura
and acciaccatwra in this music or, generally speaking, how should ornaments be transcribed in modern notation; and what are the possibly different meanings of the wavy line used to notate portalo and the series of dotted notes joined by a slur.
, James Still; music: Michael Keck; dir: Risa Brainin.