Apsheron Peninsula

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Apsheron Peninsula


a peninsula on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, opposite the eastern extremity of the Greater Caucasus, in the Azerbaijan SSR. It extends 60 km into the sea and is up to 30 km wide. It is composed mainly of Neocene and Anthropogenic deposits. The surface is a rolling plain (elevation, 50–165 m) with brachyanticlinal rises and mud peaks (up to 310 m high in the west) and with undrained hollows that have solonchaks and salt lakes; there are patches of shifting sands. There are rich deposits of petroleum and natural gas.

The climate is dry and subtropical. The average January temperature is 3°C, and the average July temperature is 25°C. The total annual precipitation ranges from 140 mm in the southwestern part to 250 mm in the north. Strong winds (the nord) are frequent. The plant life is of the ephemeral semidesert type, with grassy vegetation in the winter.

The Apsheron Peninsula is an important industrial region, with petroleum-extraction and petroleum-refining industry Vineyards and melon crops are widespread on the floodplains (the flooding is due to subterranean water).


The balneological health resorts of Surakhany and Shi-khovo (with hot—64°-65° C—mineral springs, a balneological clinic, and a hospital); the climatic seaside health resorts of Mardakian, Buzovna, Zagul’ba, and Vil’giakh (with solar and fresh-air therapy, sea bathing, a sand beach, childrens’ sanatoriums—a tuberculosis sanatorium, a sanatorium for those suffering from rheumatism, and a bone and tuberculosis sanatorium—a vacation home, and Pioneer camps); Pirshagi (with a great deal of greenery, therapeutic grapes and figs, and Pioneer camps); and Turkiany (with a vacation home) are located on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, near Baku.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
doings--on the claw-shaped Apsheron Peninsula that hooks into the
-Local scientists consider the Apsheron Peninsula, including Baku and the Caspian Sea, to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil and water pollution.
Baku - the city of winds - lies on the Apsheron Peninsula that juts into the Caspian Sea.
High death rates were also reported in May and June along the Apsheron peninsula of Azerbaijan and the Turkmenistan coast.
The oil and gas of the Apsheron peninsula, on the southern side of which lies Baku, was sufficiently well known for a Zoroastrian fire temple to be built at least 2,500 years ago over a gas seepage at Surakhany to the north that was still being tended by visiting Zoroastrian priests from India in 1880.
The onshore fields of Kyursangya and Karabaghli, in the Lower Kura Basin on the Apsheron peninsula and 100 km west of Baku, are to be re-developed.
In the Apsheron peninsula, it is over 1,700 metres.
The CP part of the project has concentrated on the Apsheron peninsula, where most of the gas is transported and used.
The sands and sandstones in the Pre-Caspian-Guba and Gobustan regions and, to some extent, on the Apsheron peninsula, are abundant in gas and oil.
The CP part of the project will be concentrated in the Apsheron peninsula where most of the gas is transported and used.