Akiba ben Joseph

(redirected from Aqiba)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Akiba ben Joseph

(əkē`bə), c.A.D. 50–c.A.D. 135, Jewish Palestinian religious leader, one of the founders of rabbinic Judaism. Although the facts of his life are obscured by legend, he is said to have been a poor and illiterate shepherd who began his rabbinic studies at the age of forty. Tradition views him as one of the first Jewish scholars to systematically compile Hebrew oral laws, the MishnaMishna
, in Judaism, codified collection of Oral Law—legal interpretations of portions of the biblical books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and other legal material. Together with the Gemara, or Amoraic commentary on the Mishna, it comprises the Talmud.
..... Click the link for more information.
. He is believed to have been executed by the Romans in the aftermath of the messianic revolt of Bar KokbaBar Kokba, Simon,
or Simon Bar Cochba
[Heb.,=son of the star], d. A.D. 135, Hebrew hero and leader of a major revolt against Rome under Hadrian (132–135). He may have claimed to be a Messiah; the Talmud relates that Akiba ben Joseph credited him with this title.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (A.D. 132–135), though the extent of his participation is a matter of controversy. He is one of the martyrs mentioned in the Jewish penitential prayer.


See study by L. Finkelstein (1936, repr. 1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Aqiba met a spirit (a soul) which appeared in the guise of a man carrying on his back some wood that was intended to feed the fire of Gehenna where he burned every day as a punishment for the ill treatment he had inflicted on the poor in his lifetime, when he was a tax collector.
Aqiba that she had sex before that same age, may also imagine a gentile as the male actor.
The well-known parallels of Aqiba and Hillel show at the same time the essential difference from the early Christian view, which in nuce doubtless goes back to the Torah interpretation of Jesus himself.
Aqiba in which the question was whether a certain sacrificial regulation needs to be substantiated exegetically if it has been passed down as 'halakhah of Moses from Sinai'.
The point is: just as these two halakhot qualify without dispute as 'halakhah of Moses from Sinai', so do the halakhah for which Aqiba sought exegetical grounds - a practice which was rejected as 'innovation'.
rabbis of the Tannaitic period, such as Rabbi Aqiba and Rabbi Ishmael.