Aksakal

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aksakal

 

(from Turkic ak, white, and sakal, beard—that is, a white-bearded old man), among Turkic peoples in the primitive-communal stage, the word for the head of a clan, or tribal elder. During the stage of feudal development, the aksakal was a representative of the feudal-patriarchal nobility. The term later came to mean an elected village elder, as well as any respected man.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.