extract

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extract

1. a preparation containing the active principle or concentrated essence of a material
2. Pharmacol a solution of plant or animal tissue containing the active principle

Extract

 

a concentrated medicinal substance obtained from raw materials that contain certain active ingredients, such as glycosides, alkaloids, and vitamins; a type of galenical. Depending on the extracting agent used, extracts may be categorized as, for example, aqueous, alcoholic, or ethereal. Depending on the degree of thickening after evaporation, they may be classified as liquid, semiliquid (no more than 25 percent moisture), or dry (up to 5 percent moisture).

extract

[′ek‚strakt (noun) or ik′strakt (verb)]
(chemistry)
Material separated from liquid or solid mixture by a solvent.
(computer science)
To form a new computer word by extracting and putting together selected segments of given words.
To remove from a computer register or memory all items that meet a specified condition.
(metallurgy)
To separate a metal or a mineral from an ore by various chemical or mechanical methods.
(pharmacology)
A pharmaceutical preparation obtained by dissolving the active constituents of a drug with a suitable menstruum, evaporating the solvent, and adjusting to prescribed standards.
A preparation, usually in a concentrated form, obtained by treating plant or animal tissue with a solvent to remove desired odiferous, flavorful, or nutritive components of the tissue.

extract

To decompress. To restore the original files from a compressed archive (ZIP file, RAR file, etc.). See archive, data compression and archive formats.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 3 depicts the activities of hepatic a-AMY and G6PDH in the diabetic rats treated with the aqueous extract of C.
The histopathological analysis of the organs of the animals treated with 2000 mg of the aqueous extract of C.
azedarach leaf extracts: The concentrations 4% of the aqueous extract and 2% of ethanolic one were chosen to realize the following experiments since they induced the same range of inhibition on root growth (respectively -24.
FeCl3 test and NaOH test proved the presence of flavonoids only in methanol and aqueous extracts.
Aqueous extracts of the leaves yielded the highest flavonoid content, at 2.
Evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of aqueous extract and essential oil of clove in chicken meat system against various foodborne pathogens.
niger showed significant zone of inhibition for both alcohol and aqueous extracts of Aloe vera for 50 g/mL, 25 g/ mL, 12.
The results obtained in this study advocate that the aqueous extract of local moringa leaf and seed are relatively safe for both nutritional and medicinal purpose.
Agar well diffusion method was used for the determination of antimicrobial activity of ethanolic and aqueous extracts [13].
4] is prepared in test tube 5 ml of aqueous extract from each plant sample is mixed with 2ml of glacial CH3CO2H containing 1 drop of Fe[Cl.