extract

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extract

1. a preparation containing the active principle or concentrated essence of a material
2. Pharmacol a solution of plant or animal tissue containing the active principle

Extract

 

a concentrated medicinal substance obtained from raw materials that contain certain active ingredients, such as glycosides, alkaloids, and vitamins; a type of galenical. Depending on the extracting agent used, extracts may be categorized as, for example, aqueous, alcoholic, or ethereal. Depending on the degree of thickening after evaporation, they may be classified as liquid, semiliquid (no more than 25 percent moisture), or dry (up to 5 percent moisture).

extract

[′ek‚strakt (noun) or ik′strakt (verb)]
(chemistry)
Material separated from liquid or solid mixture by a solvent.
(computer science)
To form a new computer word by extracting and putting together selected segments of given words.
To remove from a computer register or memory all items that meet a specified condition.
(metallurgy)
To separate a metal or a mineral from an ore by various chemical or mechanical methods.
(pharmacology)
A pharmaceutical preparation obtained by dissolving the active constituents of a drug with a suitable menstruum, evaporating the solvent, and adjusting to prescribed standards.
A preparation, usually in a concentrated form, obtained by treating plant or animal tissue with a solvent to remove desired odiferous, flavorful, or nutritive components of the tissue.

extract

To decompress. To restore the original files from a compressed archive (ZIP file, RAR file, etc.). See archive, data compression and archive formats.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of aqueous extract of Liriope Tuber on basal and PMA-induced MUC5AC productions from NCI-H292 cells
In traditional aqueous extracts of kava, glutathione is extracted in a 1:1 ratio with kava lactones and these extracts have no reported side effects, whereas in the standardised extracts that relate to the reported cases of hepatotoxicity, only the kava lactones have been present in the products and no additional glutathione taken with the product (Whitton 2003).
The anti-diabetic effect of aqueous extract of seeds in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rats has been reported (Maiti, R.
Needle aqueous extracts of pine do not adversely influenced root dry weight and shoot dry weight of grasses in the 2.
We have evaluated the immunomodulatory activity of aqueous extract of Rhodiola rhizome in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.
Five milliliter of each aqueous extract was mixed with 2mL of chloroform and 3mL of concentrate [H.
Traditionally kava is given as an aqueous extract of the peeled root and a number of recent studies have been undertaken to determine the safety and efficacy of this type of preparation.
By increasing the aqueous extract concentrations, reduction in seedling root and shoot length was observed.
phylicoides aqueous extract and assess its in vitro effect on glucose utilisation in cell lines (C2C12, Chang and 3T3-L1 cells) that represent the three key tissues involved in glucose homeostasis, i.
05) between extract concentration, but the effect exhibited by ethanol extract was significantly higher than that produced by aqueous extract.
The aqueous extract from Danshen has also been shown to affect both human and rat CYP1A2 activity in vitro and in the rat after chronic treatment (Wang and Yeung, 2010, 2011c).
1 and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness using water bath to obtain aqueous extract of Zingiber officinale.