Arab Legion

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Arab Legion


army units of Transjordan (from 1946, Jordan), 1921–1956, created by the British mandate authorities.

The legion was supported by British subsidies; from 1921 to 1956 it increased from 100 men to 23,000. The actual commanders-in-chief were British officers (Peake from 1921 to 1939, General J. B. Glubb from 1939 to 1956). The legion participated in the suppression of an anti-British uprising in Iraq in 1941 and in the Arab-Israeli war of 1948–49; it was used to suppress the national liberation movement in Jordan as well. After Glubb was expelled from Jordan (Mar. 2, 1956, during an upsurge of the liberation struggle), Englishmen were dismissed from the legion, command passed to Jordanian officers, and the legion was renamed (July 1956) the Arab Army of Jordan.


Glubb, J. B. The Story of the Arab Legion. London, 1948.
Glubb, J. B. A Soldier With the Arabs. London, 1957.
Lias.G. Glubb’s Legion. London, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Muslim soldiers of Sir John Bagot Glubb's Arab Legion and France's Tirailleur, Goumier and Spahi regiments fought loyally against the Axis in the Middle East, North Africa, Italy and Western Europe.
Qasim was born in 1939 in Al-Zarqa in northern Jordan, where his father served in the Arab Legion.
1956: King of Jordan sacks British general King Hussein of Jordan has sacked the British commander of the Arab Legion in what is being seen as an effort to strengthen his own position within the Arab world.
Abdullah al-Tall, Arab Legion Officer; Arab nationalism and opposition to the Hashemite regime.
Bar-On relates that "in only forty-seven minutes of fighting, Dayan's battalion breached Lod's defense lines, crossed the village to the outskirts of the neighboring Arab town of Ramleh [ten miles southeast of Tel Aviv], and returned under a downpour of fire from Arab Legion fighters.
The Jordanian National Guard, which is financed by the Arab Legion and composed of Palestinian and Jordanian volunteers, would come under the Joint Command, but the Arab Legion (Jordan's regular army) would not, Syrian sources said.
There was no way of avoiding the use of force and warning shots in order to make the inhabitants march the ten or fifteen miles to the point where they met up with the Arab Legion.
The Trans-Jordan Arab Legion commander-in-Chief, John Bagot Glubb, called the 1948 war "the Phony War".
Realizing the need for a reliable security force, he created the fabled Arab Legion which was commanded by Maj.
Apart from proving that Lebanese-Syrian relations could be as awful in the 1940s as they could be in the 1990s, he was an assiduous spy, nurturing his agents in Jordan in 1956 to find out why the young King Hussein had fired the British commander of the Arab Legion, Glubb Pasha.

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