Arabian horse

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Arabian horse,

breed of light horselight horse,
any breed of horse that is used primarily for riding or for light work such as pulling buggies. Light horses have their origin in the Middle East and N Africa.
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 developed in Mesopotamia and N Africa, and probably the first true domesticated breed. Prized since earliest times for its superior beauty, spirit, speed, grace of movement, stamina, and intelligence, the Arabian has served as parental stock for such light-weight horses as the American saddlebred horseAmerican saddlebred horse,
breed of light horse with great beauty, easy gait, and stamina; also known as the American saddle horse and the Kentucky saddler. It was developed primarily from the Thoroughbred and the Naragansett pacer.
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, quarter horsequarter horse,
American breed of light horse that originated during the colonial era, partly from Arabian ancestry (see Arabian horse). The name refers to the horse's reputation for speed at the quarter-mile distance.
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, Standardbred horseStandardbred horse
or trotter,
American breed of light horse developed especially for harness, or sulky, racing. Of Thoroughbred ancestry, it is similar in appearance to a thoroughbred but has shorter legs.
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, and the ThoroughbredThoroughbred horse,
breed of light horse more properly known as the English running horse. As its name implies, it was the first pedigreed, or "thoroughbred" horse. It originated in England from crosses between imported Turkish and Arabian horses and existing English lines and
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. Intercrossings of these and other light and draft horsedraft horse
or work horse,
any breed of horse that is suited to or used for drawing heavy loads. Draft horses originated in central Europe, where their domestication preceded the Roman invasion.
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 breeds with Arabians is still common. The Arabian's most characteristic color is bay with white markings; grays, chestnuts, and browns are also common. It averages 14 to 15 hands (56–60 in./140–150 cm) high and weighs about 1,000 lb (450 kg).

Arabian Horse


one of the oldest saddle horses, bred by folk selection in the first millennium A.D. on the Arabian Peninsula. In the Middle Ages it was widely imported into Europe, where it was used mainly to improve the stock of the local horse, with the goal of breeding a light cavalry horse. In the countries of the East it was used as a saddle horse. The Arabian horse played a major role in developing valuable racehorse breeds, including the English Thoroughbred and the trotter (the Orlov trotter, for example). The Arabian horse is small and of a pronounced oriental type. It has a slender build, its legs are strong and well placed, and its movements are light and graceful. Its coloring is gray, bay, or chestnut. The height at the withers is 150–52 cm, the girth of the metacarpus is 18–19 cm, and the oblique length of the body is 149–50 cm. The Arabian horse is not capricious and has great endurance for long journeys. Its speed in the USSR is 1 min, 8.2 sec, for 1,000 m; 2 min for 1,800 m; 2 min, 41 sec, for 2,400 m; and 4 min, 42.3 sec, for 4,000 m. Three types of Arabian horse are distinguished: the Khadban, Kukhailan, and Sighlawi. Breeding of the animal is directed toward improving its speed and perfecting inbred types. In the USSR the Arabian horse is used to improve the stock of the local horses of the mountains and foothills of the Carpathians, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The main breeding establishment is the Terskii Stud Farm in Stavropol’ Krai. The Arabian horse is also raised in India, Pakistan, the United Arab Republic, Turkey, South Africa, Great Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands, West Germany, Belgium, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, the USA, and Canada.


Kniga o loshadi, vol. 1. Edited by S. M. Budennyi. Moscow, 1952.
Gosudarstvennaia plemennaia kniga chistokrovnykh arabskikh loshadei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1965.
Rukovodstvo po razvedeniiu zhivotnykh, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.]


References in periodicals archive ?
Dubai: Ajman Stud's Ghadeer AM drew first blood when winning the Yearling Fillies A show on the opening day of the 15th Dubai International Arabian Horse Championship (DIAHC) on Thursday.
The 1st round will be allocated for pure Arabian horses (local breed) for 1200 meters whereas the 2nd round will be allocated for pure Arabian horses for 1200 meters as well.
The first round will be for purebred Arabian horses for 1,200m, the second for purebred Arabian horses for 1,200m, the third for purebred Arabian horses for 2,000m and the fourth for purebred Arabian horses for 2,000m.
The Kuwait National Arabian Horse Festival receives interest from a large number of enthusiasts of Arabian horses and is widely known for its active participation by Arab horse breeders both locally and regionally.
Delyth, who has been involved with horses for more years than she cares to remember, has owned, trained and ridden countless winners under the rules of Arabian horse racing, point-to-point and National Hunt racing.
The European Conference of Arab Horse Organizations (ECAHO) organised a B-Show in Al-Zahraa Stud at Cairo last week, as a part of the 16th International Arabian Horse Championships.
HH the Father Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani established Al Shaqab in 1992 to enjoy his passion for Arabian horses, to honour the courageous war horses ridden by victorious Qatari knights of the past, and to assure the Arabian horse would continue to play a leading role in the cultural heritage of the Qatari people.
Summary: As part of its commitment to support initiatives that celebrates the tradition and heritage of the emirates, Dubai Municipality has participated in the Dubai International Arabian Horses exhibition and the 10th anniversary of International Arabian Horses Championship held under the patronage of Shaikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai and UAE minister of finance.
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OVER 100 pure Arabian horses will be competing for top prizes in an Arabian Horse Show to be held today and tomorrow at the Sahara Riding Stable in Sr.
At 16, Taylor Bowman seems to have hit her stride as an equestrian focused on making a life that is full of Arabian horses.
The exhibits details the Arabian horses in all aspects.

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