Arabian Sea


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Arabian Sea: East China Sea

Arabian Sea,

ancient Mare Erythraeum, northwest part of the Indian Ocean, lying between Arabia and India. The Gulf of Aden, extended by the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Oman, extended by the Persian Gulf, are its principal arms. The submarine Carlsberg ridge, SE of Socotra Island, is the sea's southern boundary. The Indus River is the largest stream flowing into the sea. The Arabian Sea has long been an important trade route between India and the West; its chief ports are Aden, Yemen; Karachi, Pakistan; and Mumbai, India.

Arabian Sea

 

a semilandlocked sea of the Indian Ocean, between the Arabian Peninsula on the west and Industan on the east. The sea is 3,683,000 sq km in area and 2,734 m deep. The average volume is 10,070,000 cubic km and 5,203 m at its greatest depth. The large Indus River flows into the Arabian Sea. The shores are high, rocky, and in places have low deltas; they are broken by bays and gulfs. The larger gulfs are the Gulf of Aden on the west (connected by the straits of Bab el Mandeb with the Red Sea), the Gulf of Oman in the northwest (connected by the Strait of Hormuz with the Persian Gulf), and the gulfs of Kutch and Cambay in the northwest. There are few islands, all of them located offshore. The largest are the Socotra and Laccadive islands. The surface of the sea bottom is even and has a general incline running from north to south. The bottom is composed of biogenic silt—sediments of terranean origin at the shores of the continent and coral sand at the coral islands.

The climate of the Arabian Sea is monsoonal. In winter northeasterly winds, which bring clear, cold weather, predominate; in summer southwesterly winds predominate, followed by cloudy, humid weather. In spring, summer, and fall typhoons are frequent. In winter the temperature is 20–25°C; in summer it is 25–29°C. The annual precipitation is 23–125 mm in the west and as much as 3,100 mm in the east, with the maximum during the summer months. The surface currents are westerly in the winter and easterly in the summer. In winter the surface water temperature is 22–27°C; in summer it is 23–28°C, with a maximum of 29°C in May. The salinity is 35.8–36.5 parts per thou. Tides are irregular and semidiurnal; they are 5.1 m in height. Under the influence of the deep waters of the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, the water temperature of the Arabian Sea is above 5°C and the salinity exceeds 35 parts per thou up to a depth of 1,500 m. Animal life includes liugon’, flying fish, tuna, swordfish, southern herring, shoal fish, and sailfish. The main harbors are Colombo, Bombay, Karachi, and Aden.

REFERENCES

Muromtsev, A. M. Osnovnye cherty gidrologii Indiiskogo okeana. Leningrad, 1959.
Wooster, W. S., M. B. Schaefer, and M. K. Robinson. Atlas of the Arabian Sea for Fishery Oceanography. La Jolla, 1967.

A. M. MUROMTSEV

Arabian Sea

the NW part of the Indian Ocean, between Arabia and India
References in periodicals archive ?
Subsequently, the ship resumed its role in RMSP in the North Arabian Sea.
Maharashtra state government in neighboring India in an advisory on Sunday said that a cyclone is likely in the Arabian Sea some 300 kilometres off the country's west coast between June 11-12.
However, due to the development of cyclone in the Arabian Sea, the weather in the city can become further hot and due to the low humidity in the air, it'll be scorching.
But this year adequate wind carrying clouds has arrived in Nepal from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea leading to active pre-monsoon, she added.
There is a chance of late night to early morning low level clouds or fog patches along the coastal areas of Arabian Sea, Met department stated.
Abu Dhabi: The National Centre of Meteorology, NCM, has issued a statement advising the public that the tropical depression formed in the Bengal Gulf and moving toward the southeast of the Arabian Sea shall not affect the UAE.
The deep depression in the Arabian Sea started developing last week and on Monday the Met Office said that it intensified into a cyclonic storm.
Tropical Cyclone Luban is gathering strength in the Arabian Sea and could threaten Yemen and Oman later this week, according to Ann Arbor, Mich.-based Weather Underground.
"Statistically, the number of the tropical cyclones that have affected the coasts of Oman in the past 72 years is less than the total tropical cyclones that formed over the Arabian Sea, namely 67.
The workshop, organised jointly by ESO and WWF-Pakistan, aimed to raise awareness on the Arabian Sea humpback whale and other baleen whales, and introduce a regional data sharing platform called 'Flukebook'.
The workshop, included participants from Arabian Sea humpback whale range states, namely India, Pakistan, Iran, the UAE and Sri Lanka as well as other international partners.