Arabian horse

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Related to Arabian horse: quarter horse

Arabian horse,

breed of light horselight horse,
any breed of horse that is used primarily for riding or for light work such as pulling buggies. Light horses have their origin in the Middle East and N Africa.
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 developed in Mesopotamia and N Africa, and probably the first true domesticated breed. Prized since earliest times for its superior beauty, spirit, speed, grace of movement, stamina, and intelligence, the Arabian has served as parental stock for such light-weight horses as the American saddlebred horseAmerican saddlebred horse,
breed of light horse with great beauty, easy gait, and stamina; also known as the American saddle horse and the Kentucky saddler. It was developed primarily from the Thoroughbred and the Naragansett pacer.
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, quarter horsequarter horse,
American breed of light horse that originated during the colonial era, partly from Arabian ancestry (see Arabian horse). The name refers to the horse's reputation for speed at the quarter-mile distance.
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, Standardbred horseStandardbred horse
or trotter,
American breed of light horse developed especially for harness, or sulky, racing. Of Thoroughbred ancestry, it is similar in appearance to a thoroughbred but has shorter legs.
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, and the ThoroughbredThoroughbred horse,
breed of light horse more properly known as the English running horse. As its name implies, it was the first pedigreed, or "thoroughbred" horse. It originated in England from crosses between imported Turkish and Arabian horses and existing English lines and
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. Intercrossings of these and other light and draft horsedraft horse
or work horse,
any breed of horse that is suited to or used for drawing heavy loads. Draft horses originated in central Europe, where their domestication preceded the Roman invasion.
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 breeds with Arabians is still common. The Arabian's most characteristic color is bay with white markings; grays, chestnuts, and browns are also common. It averages 14 to 15 hands (56–60 in./140–150 cm) high and weighs about 1,000 lb (450 kg).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arabian Horse


one of the oldest saddle horses, bred by folk selection in the first millennium A.D. on the Arabian Peninsula. In the Middle Ages it was widely imported into Europe, where it was used mainly to improve the stock of the local horse, with the goal of breeding a light cavalry horse. In the countries of the East it was used as a saddle horse. The Arabian horse played a major role in developing valuable racehorse breeds, including the English Thoroughbred and the trotter (the Orlov trotter, for example). The Arabian horse is small and of a pronounced oriental type. It has a slender build, its legs are strong and well placed, and its movements are light and graceful. Its coloring is gray, bay, or chestnut. The height at the withers is 150–52 cm, the girth of the metacarpus is 18–19 cm, and the oblique length of the body is 149–50 cm. The Arabian horse is not capricious and has great endurance for long journeys. Its speed in the USSR is 1 min, 8.2 sec, for 1,000 m; 2 min for 1,800 m; 2 min, 41 sec, for 2,400 m; and 4 min, 42.3 sec, for 4,000 m. Three types of Arabian horse are distinguished: the Khadban, Kukhailan, and Sighlawi. Breeding of the animal is directed toward improving its speed and perfecting inbred types. In the USSR the Arabian horse is used to improve the stock of the local horses of the mountains and foothills of the Carpathians, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The main breeding establishment is the Terskii Stud Farm in Stavropol’ Krai. The Arabian horse is also raised in India, Pakistan, the United Arab Republic, Turkey, South Africa, Great Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands, West Germany, Belgium, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, the USA, and Canada.


Kniga o loshadi, vol. 1. Edited by S. M. Budennyi. Moscow, 1952.
Gosudarstvennaia plemennaia kniga chistokrovnykh arabskikh loshadei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1965.
Rukovodstvo po razvedeniiu zhivotnykh, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.]


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The series is promoting the UAE's efforts to build global awareness about the purebred Arabian horse, and its significant place in the culture and history of the UAE.
Mr Jones, above, was part of a well-known farming family in west Wales who kept cattle, sheep and Arabian horses on their farm outside Llandeilo, some 15 miles east of Carmarthen.
The thoroughbred Arabian horses have been an integral part of Qatari social life for centuries, noted an official from Al Shaqab, a member of Qatar Foundation.
There are competitions and festivals of the Egyptian Equestrian Federation, and others, especially those under the auspices of the Arabian Horse Organization.
Dubai: As the tension intensified ahead of Saturday's Championship finals at the 16th Dubai International Arabian Horse Championship (DIAHC), contenders from the Dubai Arabian Horse Stud continued to dominate the show ring at the Dubai International Convention Centre.
JEDDAH: The three-day Jeddah Arabian Horse Show kicked off on Thursday with the showcasing of the first five classes of fillies and mares aged one to nine.
The championship took place under Sheikh Mansoor bin Zaid al Nahyan Global Arabian Horse Flat Racing Festival.
The Dubai International Arabian Horse Championship is the most prestigious competition of its kind in the world.
OVER 100 pure Arabian horses will be competing for top prizes in an Arabian Horse Show to be held today and tomorrow at the Sahara Riding Stable in Sr.
Aurora, CO, February 09, 2013 --( The Arabian Horse Association is happy to announce its 2012 Amateur Achievement Award winners, adult amateur Lorraine Prowse of Sherwood Park, Alberta who earned 682.5 points and youth amateur Taylor Bowman of Hillsboro, Oregon who earned 909.5 points.
The three-day show takes place alongside the $4 million Dubai International Arabian Horse Championship -- a showcase of the heritage, beauty and agility of the world's finest Arabian horses.
Britain's General Stud Book was first published in 1793 by James Weatherby, whose family still owns the What is a purebred arabian horse? Arabian horses originated as a breed on the Arabian Peninsula more than 4,500 years ago.

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