Arabic Script

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Arabic Script

 

a system of writing used by Arabs and Muslim peoples (Iranians, Afghans, Pakistanis, the Sinkiang Uighurs, and others).

Arabic script was used by the Turks in Turkey until 1929 and by some peoples of the USSR—for example, in Middle Asia, Azerbaijan, and Dagestan—until the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. It originated from the Aramaic script; the Nemarah inscription of A.D. 328 and the Zabid inscription of A.D. 512 are the oldest. Arabic script was spread by Arab conquests and by the expansion of Islam. The modern Arabic alphabet has 28 characters. (Other peoples who use the script add some of their own.) Each character has two to fourforms that are used according to whether the letter stands by itself, at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a word. The script consists mostly of consonants. Long vowels are designated by the letters waw (w), ya (y), and alif (’). The short vowels, normally not indicated in writing, can be shown by strokes placed over or under a letter. Arabic is written from right to left.

References in periodicals archive ?
Every Arabic alphabet is assigned a numerical value.
For instance, Allah is pronounced as An-la-hu in Jingtang as each of the syllables is presented by a Chinese character and this approximation adds the nasal sound of Arabic alphabet 'noon' originally not present in standard Arabic pronunciation.
Effective from 4 April 2016, it will be prohibited to use the word Halal, any letters of the Arabic alphabet or any representation such as a symbol, mark, etc.
The exhibition emphasizes the Alphabets simplicity of form and highlighting their pictorial patterns, Naqsh successfully takes liberty in translating the Arabic alphabet into exquisite linear rhythms in numerous styles of script.
Each of the artists have separate floor where their work has been used," explains Rasha, as she shows the apartments which have works by Ali Hassan, who uses Arabic alphabet 'noon' in a variety of ways.
As class starts, the students begin reciting the Arabic alphabet in chorus.
According to the report, Sabri's uncle Emad Shakir Al Abdali, said that he never learnt the Quran from any teacher and never learnt to read and write beyond the Arabic alphabet and yet he is able to read the entire Quran in five hours twice a day.
7DAYS readers got together with volunteer teachers to learn the Arabic alphabet and practise common phrases, using methods such as watching Arabic kids' TV programmes and singing songs.
The book is filled with fascinating photographs to accompany the passages that talk about the inventions and innovations and also includes maps of the Arab world today and in 750 CE, a timeline from 900 BCE to the present and a page displaying the Arabic alphabet.
For the Kurds in Turkey, the adaptation of the Arabic alphabet is as unrealistic of a prospect as the adaptation of the Latin alphabet by Kurds in Iraq or elsewhere.
Jordanian artist Farouk Lambaz holds his third exhibition in the series "The Garden of Eden", at Nabad Gallery, under the title "The Garden of Eden III", where he displays a selection of his calligraphic paintings, in which the artist is clearly biased to the essence of the artistic and spiritual letters of the Arabic alphabet.
ONE letter in the Arabic alphabet that would have changed the meaning of a law yesterday sparked a 30-minute argument between councillors and municipality officials.