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Related to Arachnoiditis: adhesive arachnoiditis
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an inflammation of the arachnoid membrane of the brain or spinal cord. Arachnoiditis was first described by the German physician Böninghausen (1897), and spinal arachnoiditis was described by the German physician A. Schlosinger (1898). Arachnoiditis may develop as a complication of influenza, typhoid, tuberculosis, syphilis, and other infectious diseases. It also appears in connection with inflammations of the ear or paranasal cavities, cranial and spinal injuries, and chronic poisonings (lead, arsenic). The clinical symptoms of arachnoiditis vary with the region of the brain in which it develops. The most common symptom of cerebral arachnoiditis is headache, sometimes accompanied by vomiting—less often by epileptic seizures, weakness in the extremities, impairment of vision and hearing, strabismus, diplopia, vertigo, and unsteady gait. In spinal arachnoiditis, the nerve roots and nerves, and sometimes spinal tissue as well, are injured; pain occurs in the trunk, arms, and legs, and occasionally there is weakness in the arms and legs.

Treatment is aimed at lowering intracranial pressure and decreasing inflammation. Vitamin B, iodine preparations, antibiotics, and hexamethylenetetramine are prescribed. When the acute stage passes, hydrogen sulfide and radon baths, mud, and sometimes radiotherapy are used. If the arachnoiditis originates in a limited area of the meninges, the adhesions may be dissected surgically.


“Spinal’nye arakhnoidity i peripakhameningity.” In Osnovy prak-ticheskoi neirokhirurgii. Edited by A. L. Polenov and I. S. Bab-chin. Leningrad, 1954. Pages 418–23.
Khodos, Kh. G. “Tserebral’nye arakhnoidity.” In Trudy l-go Vserossiiskogo s”ezda nevropalologov i psikhiatrov, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963. Pages 57–65.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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However, intrathecal amphotericin B has very dangerous potential side effects such as arachnoiditis, vasculitis, and infarctions.
In the control group, one animal (1/6) euthanized on day 15 after the epidural presented arachnoiditis (1) with extent of damage (1) and blood vessel morphology normal (1).
Intraoperative image demonstrating postevacuation cauda equina nerve roots that are grossly edematous and adherent (arrow), consistent with arachnoiditis, in a patient with recurrent infection from fungal-contaminated methylprednisolone, North Carolina, USA, 2015.
A nonsurgical approach for symptomatic patients with thoracic OLF is not effective.[sup][13],[19] Surgery is the only treatment that can adequately address the significant compression of neurologic structures caused by OLF.[sup][13],[16] Miyazaki et al .[sup][11] reported that the symptomatic SK in OLF was due to focal adhesive arachnoiditis. They recommended that adhesiolysis of the arachnoid be performed to release the SK after laminectomy and OLF resection.
(25) Abnormal enhancement may extend inferiorly along the leptomeninges surrounding the spinal cord and spinal nerves, potentially causing arachnoiditis and subarachnoid block20 (Figures 13,14).
Spinal tuberculous arachnoiditis, more commonly known as tuberculous radiculomyelitis (TBRM) is a rare complication of tuberculous meningitis and should be considered when a TBM patient develops spinal cord symptoms.
To think millions of people worldwide will be saved from getting arachnoiditis is absolutely tremendous."
Family flowers only please, donations if desired to Arachnoiditis Support Group.
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