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Arad(ā`răd), in the Bible, royal town in the Negev, the modern Tell Arad (Israel), S of Hebron. The "king Arad" in the Book of Numbers is a mistranslation for "king of Arad." It is the only tell (mound) in the Negev and indicates the existence of a fortified town in the Bronze Age.
Arad(äräd`), city (1990 pop. 203,198), W Romania, in the Banat, on the Mureşul River, near the Hungarian border. It is an important railroad junction and a leading regional commercial and industrial center. Distilling, sawmilling, and the manufacture of machine tools and locomotives are the chief industries. Located on the site of an old Roman outpost, the first mention of Arad dates from the 12th cent. Long (c.1551–1685) under Turkish rule, Arad passed in 1685 to the Austrians and in 1849 to the Hungarians, who made it the headquarters of their insurrection against the Hapsburg Empire. In 1920, Arad became part of Romania. The city's educational and cultural institutions include a theological seminary, a teacher training school, a state theatre, a philharmonic orchestra, and a museum containing exhibits on the Hungarian revolution of 1848–49. The 18th-century citadel was built by Empress Maria Theresa. Arad has a sizable Hungarian population.
a district in western Rumania, on the territory of the northern part of the historic region of Banat and the southern part of Crişana. Area, 7,741 sq km; population, 481,000 (1968). The administrative center is Arad.
Arad District occupies the eastern edge of the Central Danubian Depression and the southwestern part of the western Rumanian mountains. The main branches of industry are concentrated in the city of Arad; outside of this city there is woodworking industry (Bocsig, Lipova, Minisul de Sus) and production of building materials (şebiş, Bîrsa, Sîtana, and Buteni); granite, andesite, marble, and talc are mined in the foothill zone. There are vineyards on the western slopes of the mountains, and there are gardens along the slopes of the Mureş and Crişul Alb river valleys. The main agricultural crops of the Central Danubian Depression are wheat, corn, sunflowers, sugar beets, tobacco, and hemp. Cattle-raising predominates in animal husbandry. Vegetables are grown in the area of the city of Arad and in the valley of the Mureş. River.
IU. A. KRUKOVSKII
a city in western Rumania; on the Mureş River near the border with Hungary. Administrative center of Arad Province. Population, 126,000 (1966).
Arad is an important transportation and industrial center. The main branches of industry are machine-building (coaches and machine tools), textiles, and food. Footwear, furniture, chemicals, and construction materials are produced.
IU. A. KRUKOVSKII