Arad


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Arad

(ā`răd), in the Bible, royal town in the Negev, the modern Tell Arad (Israel), S of Hebron. The "king Arad" in the Book of Numbers is a mistranslation for "king of Arad." It is the only tell (mound) in the Negev and indicates the existence of a fortified town in the Bronze Age.

Arad

(äräd`), city (1990 pop. 203,198), W Romania, in the Banat, on the Mureşul River, near the Hungarian border. It is an important railroad junction and a leading regional commercial and industrial center. Distilling, sawmilling, and the manufacture of machine tools and locomotives are the chief industries. Located on the site of an old Roman outpost, the first mention of Arad dates from the 12th cent. Long (c.1551–1685) under Turkish rule, Arad passed in 1685 to the Austrians and in 1849 to the Hungarians, who made it the headquarters of their insurrection against the Hapsburg Empire. In 1920, Arad became part of Romania. The city's educational and cultural institutions include a theological seminary, a teacher training school, a state theatre, a philharmonic orchestra, and a museum containing exhibits on the Hungarian revolution of 1848–49. The 18th-century citadel was built by Empress Maria Theresa. Arad has a sizable Hungarian population.

Arad

 

a district in western Rumania, on the territory of the northern part of the historic region of Banat and the southern part of Crişana. Area, 7,741 sq km; population, 481,000 (1968). The administrative center is Arad.

Arad District occupies the eastern edge of the Central Danubian Depression and the southwestern part of the western Rumanian mountains. The main branches of industry are concentrated in the city of Arad; outside of this city there is woodworking industry (Bocsig, Lipova, Minisul de Sus) and production of building materials (şebiş, Bîrsa, Sîtana, and Buteni); granite, andesite, marble, and talc are mined in the foothill zone. There are vineyards on the western slopes of the mountains, and there are gardens along the slopes of the Mureş and Crişul Alb river valleys. The main agricultural crops of the Central Danubian Depression are wheat, corn, sunflowers, sugar beets, tobacco, and hemp. Cattle-raising predominates in animal husbandry. Vegetables are grown in the area of the city of Arad and in the valley of the Mureş. River.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII


Arad

 

a city in western Rumania; on the Mureş River near the border with Hungary. Administrative center of Arad Province. Population, 126,000 (1966).

Arad is an important transportation and industrial center. The main branches of industry are machine-building (coaches and machine tools), textiles, and food. Footwear, furniture, chemicals, and construction materials are produced.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
While Arad is home to Muharraq's biggest mall, Seef Mall Muharraq, she said it lacked basic services such as restaurants, dry cleaners and cold stores.
In 2006, Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah said that he believed Arad was dead and that his body was missing.
Amal demanded a prisoner swap in exchange for Arad, but before the deal could go ahead Mustafa Dirani, the organization's head of security at the time, abducted Arad and went into hiding in the Bekaa Valley.
It is located near Bahrain International Airport, the Arad Fort and Arad Bay, and will itself have huge attractions for families within the resort so we believe it would be successful.
Once one of Netanyahu's closest security confidants, Arad ended a 25-year career in the Mossad to become Netanyahu's foreign policy adviser when he was first elected prime minister in 1997.
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Uzi Arad is the national security advisor to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and is considered to be one of the most influential foreign policy advisors and powerful voices in the current Israeli administration.
Arad said the consensus in Israel was that it must keep a strong presence in the Golan Heights, land captured in 1967 and which Syria wants returned as part of a peace deal, for Eoe1/4Eostrategic, military and land-settlement reasonsEoe1/4A[yen].
Arad had expressed, in excerpts of the interview published on Thursday, a deep skepticism about prospects for peace with the Palestinians and questioned whether there was a Palestinian leadership, which could deliver.
In an interview that shored up the contradictions in Israel's foreign policies, National Security Adviser Uzi Arad told Israel's Haaretz newspaper the Jewish state plans to withdraw from some areas in the Golan Heights, Syrian land captured in the 1967, but intends to remain in the strategically key areas.
17 (ANI): The United States has decided to bar the entry of Uzi Arad, who is expected to be Israel's new national security adviser, for nearly two years on the grounds that he is an intelligence risk.