Arafat


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Arafat

(äräfät`) or

Arafa

(äräfä`), granite hill, Saudi Arabia, near MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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. The hill was an ancient pagan sanctuary and is shrouded in many legends. It is a site for prayers during the hajjhajj
, the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. Its annual observance corresponds to the major holy day id al-adha, itself a commemoration of Abraham's readiness to sacrifice his son on Divine orders.
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, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Atop the hill is a minaret, reached by broad stone steps. On the 60th step is a platform with a pulpit from which the khutba (pilgrimage address) is delivered on the Day of Arafa. The hill is also called Jabal ar Rahm [Arab.,=mountain of mercy].
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Arafat

1
Yasser ('j[+ae]s&). born 1929, Palestinian leader; cofounder of Al Fatah (1956), leader from 1968 of the Palestine Liberation Organization, president of the Palestinian National Authority from 1996: signed a peace agreement with Israel (1993); Nobel peace prize 1994 with Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin

Arafat

2
a hill in W Saudi Arabia, near Mecca: a sacred site of Islam, visited by pilgrims performing the hajj
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
After a day devoted to special prayers at Arafat, pilgrims will move to Musdalifah where they will observe the two evening prayers before moving to Muna for the stoning of three devil, a rite performed in groups to avoid a stampede.
Abu Sharif added that the Riyadh regime approved of Arafat's assassination, because it viewed him as an obstacle to the Arab Peace Initiative, which envisioned a so-called two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Taking place roughly 70 days after the end of Ramadan, Arafat Day marks the second day of haj or pilgrimage.
The museum, which cost $7 million, is the first of its kind dedicated to the longtime leader, according to the Yasser Arafat Foundation.
The French experts "maintain that the polonium 210 and lead 210 found in Arafat's grave and in the samples are of an environmental nature," Nanterre prosecutor Catherine Denis said.
For decades, any Israeli making contact with the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) that Arafat led could be thrown in prison.
"The analysis cannot lead us to affirm that Arafat died of polonium 210 poisoning," sources said, adding that it "goes in the sense of a natural death".
If Benjamin Netanyahu and his Cabinet had a shred of decency about them, they would open an enquiry into the murder of Yasser Arafat.
Despite those discrepancies, the Swiss and Russian reports agreed that Arafat's death ''was not caused by old age or disease, but as a result of a toxic substance,'' said Dr.
Arafat's former head of intelligence Tawfik Terawi said yesterday: "I say, with all the details available about Yasser Arafat's death, that he was killed and that Israel killed him.
Arafat's former head of intelligence Tawfik Terawi said: "I say, with all the details available about Arafat's death, that he was killed and that Israel killed him.
Arafat's body was exhumed last November, eight years after his death.