Arakan


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Arakan:

see RakhineRakhine State
, formerly Arakan
, state (1983 pop. 2,045,891), 14,194 sq mi (36,762 sq km), W Myanmar, extending along the Bay of Bengal. It lies at the foot of the Arakan Mts., which rises to 10,016 ft (3,053 m) at Mt. Victoria. The capital is Sittwe.
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, Myanmar.

Arakan

 

a state which existed until 1785 in southwestern Burma on the territory of the contemporary province of Yakhaing (Arakan). The establishment in Arakan in the first centuries A.D. of the early state headed by the Candra dynasty (with Vaisali as its capital) is attributable to an Indian influence. The basic religions were Hinduism (up to the tenth century), Buddhism (which, according to tradition, made inroads in the second century A.D.), and Islam (since the tenth-12th centuries). During the 11th—13th centuries, the northern regions of Arakan were vassals of the Pagan Empire. From 1374 the Ava and Pegu alternated in placing their protégés on the Arakan throne.

Arakan achieved independence in the first third of the 15th century, and Myohaung became its capital in 1433. A period of development and territorial expansion followed under the rule of Minbin (1531–53). Important roles in the country’s economy were played by sea trade and piracy, which were for the most part in the hands of Portuguese adventurers. After its defeat in a war with the Mogul Empire (1666), Arakan weakened. Feudal wars and struggles for the throne, beginning in 1731, facilitated the conquest of Arakan by the Burmese ruler Bodawpaia and its annexation by Burma in 1785.

M. G. KOZLOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
In custody since the outbreak of armed conflict in northern Rakhine and Chin last December, the experts stressed the need for "a credible independent investigation into the allegations of torture and inhuman treatment, deaths in custody, and reliance on forced confessions in cases involving Arakan Army-related allegations".
Fighting between Myanmar forces and the Arakan Army has prompted about 5,000 residents from two villages in Rakhine state's Minbya township to flee their communities since hostilities in the area began four days ago, RFA reported.
Seventy-four former drug personalities in the town of Arakan in North Cotabato have completed their recovery therapy under the local government's Community Drug Rehabilitation Program (CDRP) on Tuesday.
When a few weeks ago, in the early hours of June 22, the Arakan Army (AA) struck Myanmar Army or Tatmadaw's tugboat with Chinese made 107mm surface-to-surface rockets at least three times, killing three and damaging the rear of the boat, in Sittwe, six kilometers away from the Arakan state capital, observers were worried that this would escalate and upgrade into an urban guerrilla warfare, further pushing the country deeper into an open-ended civil war.
Reports from Arakan Police said the two soldiers were onboard a black XRM motorcycle and were heading towards Sitio Bukatol in Barangay Kinawayan, Arakan when they were ambushed.
Two soldiers belonging to the Army's 19th Infantry Battalion were killed in an ambush Wednesday afternoon in Arakan, Cotabato, police said.
The reports and updates from OHCHR, the UN Special Rapporteur and the report last year from the International independent Fact-Finding Mission all point to a pattern of gross human rights violations which suggest a widespread and systematic attack against the Rohingya community by the Myanmar military and security forces, possibly amounting to crimes against humanity and in the case of the ongoing fighting against the Arakan Army to war crimes, and call for investigations.
Government troops are currently fighting the Arakan Army in Rakhine and neighbouring Chin state.
The accusations came after an operation the army carried out in Myanmar against an armed group by the name of the "Arakan Army," who says it is fighting for the rights of majority Buddhists in Rakhine.
Summary: Rakhine [Myanmar], May 3 (ANI): Myanmar security forces shot dead at least six people in the perturbed western state of Rakhine for their alleged links with rebel Arakan Army.
The soldiers had rounded up about 275 people during a search for members of the rebel Arakan Army, said Brigadier General Zaw Min Tun from the military's True News Information Team.
The conflict between the Myanmar military - known as the Tatmadaw - and the Arakan Army, dates back around a decade.