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see RakhineRakhine State
, formerly Arakan
, state (1983 pop. 2,045,891), 14,194 sq mi (36,762 sq km), W Myanmar, extending along the Bay of Bengal. It lies at the foot of the Arakan Mts., which rises to 10,016 ft (3,053 m) at Mt. Victoria. The capital is Sittwe.
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, Myanmar.



a state which existed until 1785 in southwestern Burma on the territory of the contemporary province of Yakhaing (Arakan). The establishment in Arakan in the first centuries A.D. of the early state headed by the Candra dynasty (with Vaisali as its capital) is attributable to an Indian influence. The basic religions were Hinduism (up to the tenth century), Buddhism (which, according to tradition, made inroads in the second century A.D.), and Islam (since the tenth-12th centuries). During the 11th—13th centuries, the northern regions of Arakan were vassals of the Pagan Empire. From 1374 the Ava and Pegu alternated in placing their protégés on the Arakan throne.

Arakan achieved independence in the first third of the 15th century, and Myohaung became its capital in 1433. A period of development and territorial expansion followed under the rule of Minbin (1531–53). Important roles in the country’s economy were played by sea trade and piracy, which were for the most part in the hands of Portuguese adventurers. After its defeat in a war with the Mogul Empire (1666), Arakan weakened. Feudal wars and struggles for the throne, beginning in 1731, facilitated the conquest of Arakan by the Burmese ruler Bodawpaia and its annexation by Burma in 1785.


References in periodicals archive ?
Bernard Tayong, the North Cotabato police spokesperson, said a convoy of military vehicles of 19th Infantry Battalion was heading to Kidapawan City from Arakan town, also in North Cotabato, when the roadside bomb went off at 8:30 p.
The twitter account of the Rohingya insurgents, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, did not post anything new as of Saturday mid-morning.
Khaing Myo Tun, a spokesperson for the Arakan Liberation Party (ALP), walked free from prison this morning after serving an 18-month sentence for criticising the Burmese military.
Molao, an ethnic Maguindanaon, is president of the Cotabato Foundation College of Science and Technology (CFCST) in the upland Arakan town in the third district of North Cotabato.
TAP) - Myanmar police shot dead seven demonstrators and 12 were injured in troubled Rakhine State, after a local gathering celebrating an ancient Buddhist Arakan kingdom turned violent.
It is defined somewhat arbitrarily as those ethnic groups that were settled in Myanmar in 1823, a year before the first Anglo-Burmese war in which the British conquered Arakan (as Rakhine was officially known until 1989) and other regions of the country.
19 -- In the last four months, since August 2017, more than 615,000 natives of Arakan - the Rohingya Muslims and Hindus - have been forced to leave their native land to settle in Bangladesh as a refugee.
The group, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), says it does not target civilians and is trying to restore rights for Rohingya, a persecuted minority.
Hundreds of thousands of Rohingyas have been forced to flee violence in the State of Arakan where they mainly reside, while many have crossed the border to Bangladesh to escape repression by Burmese soldiers as well as militant Buddhists, who have burned their homes and killed a number of people.
In a strongly worded tone, speaker of the Arab Parliament called on the United Nations, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to take urgent and immediate action to stop the massacres of Rohingya Muslims in Arakan (Rakhine region) and bring the perpetrators to the International Criminal Court for committing crimes against humanity.
Manama: Former Bahraini lawmaker Ebtisam Hejres has called for revoking the Nobel Prize from Aung San Suu Kyi, the de facto leader of Myanmar, for failing to stand up against the persecution of Arakan Muslims (Rohingya) there.
Rohingya is an ethnic group that is mainly based in Arakan in Myanmar and is classified by the United Nations as "the most persecuted religious minority in the world".