Rakhine State

(redirected from Arakan State)

Rakhine State

(räkēn`), formerly


(ărəkăn`, äräkän`), state (1983 pop. 2,045,891), 14,194 sq mi (36,762 sq km), W Myanmar, extending along the Bay of Bengal. It lies at the foot of the Arakan Mts., which rises to 10,016 ft (3,053 m) at Mt. Victoria. The capital is SittweSittwe
or Akyab
, city (1983 pop. 107,607), capital of Rakhine State, W Myanmar, at the mouth of the Kaladan River and on the Bay of Bengal. It is an important port and rice-milling center.
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. The Arakanese, or Rakhine, who are of Burmese stock with strong Indian influences, are mostly engaged in intensive rice cultivation; they are Buddhists. The RohingyaRohingya,
Muslim ethnic, cultural, and linguistic group living primarily in Rakhine State, W Myanmar. A minority of some 1.5 million in a country that is predominantly Buddhist, they speak a language related to that spoken around Chittagong, Bangladesh, which was under Arakanese
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, a Muslim people who speak a Bengali dialect, form a large minority, but are not recognized as a Myanmarese ethnic nationality by the national government and are stateless; they have suffered much persecution. A number of other, smaller minority groups also live in the state.

The region, which is geographically isolated, was the seat of a powerful kingdom (after the 15th cent.), famous for a colossal image of Buddha. At various times under Burmese rule, it finally was absorbed into Burma (now Myanmar) in 1783; it was the first Burmese territory ceded (1826) to the British after the first Anglo-Burmese War. In the 1950s there was a movement for secession from Myanmar, which revived as an Arakanese insurgency in the 21st cent. In 2012 tens of thousands of Arakanese and Rohingyas were displaced as a result of outbreaks of ethnic violence between the two groups, and tensions and sporadic violence have continued since then. In late 2016 an attack on police by a Rohingya insurgent group led to a military crackdown in N Rakhine that continued into early 2017; there were accusations of military atrocities, and many Rohingya fled to Bangladesh. Rohingya insurgent attacks in N Rakhine in Aug., 2017, sparked attacks on Rohingyas by the military and Buddhist mobs; their villages were burned, some 7,000 were believed to have been killed, hundreds of thousands fled to Bangladesh, and others were forced into camps in Rakhine. The military was also accused of indiscriminate attacks in its crackdown since 2019 on the Arakanese insurgency.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Tatmadaw stops its military operations in the Arakan state, Kokang and Palaung ethnic regions, stops committing war crimes in all ethnic areas, and the government must broker meaningful ceasefire talks.
Rohingya people are an indigenous ethnic group belonging to [Myanmar's] Arakan state. Making us foreigners by offering naturalized citizenship means erasing our existence and history," he added.
In my book - Muslim Identity and Demography in the Arakan State of Burma (Myanmar) - I have analyzed the British era data and put to rest the xenophobic claims of Bengali (or more particularly Chittagonian) infiltration to Arakan by showing that there is no credible evidence supporting that myth, propagated by the criminal Burmese government and its brainwashed supporters within the Buddhist community.
The Rohingyas trace their origin in the region to the fifteenth century, when thousands of Muslims came to the former Arakan state and many others during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Rohingya refugees from the Arakan state of Myanmar continue to enter Bangladesh while authorities of both countries discuss the process of refugee repatriation starting this month.
But we have many primary source evidence that we are in this Arakan state since before the 18th century.
n Citizens "belong to one of the national races or whose ancestors settled in the country before 1823, the beginning of British occupation of Arakan State".
The committee urged the Government of Myanmar not to waste the social justice in Arakan State in order to put an end to violence between Muslims and Buddhists and to prevent extremism.
Arakan, Myanmar, 05 Ramadan,1438 AH, 31 May,2017 , SPA -- King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Aid started a project of distributing breaking-fast meals in Stoye city of Arakan State in Myanmar.
Buchanan, Calcutta, D'Rozario and Co, refer to how the local Muslims called themselves "Rovingaw" or "Rooinga." Likewise, a 1799 study of languages spoken in the Burmese area divides the natives of Arakan state between Yakain and Rooinga.