The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city; administrative center of Aral’sk Raion, Kzyl-Orda Oblast, Kazakh SSR. Located near the northeastern edge of the Aral Sea on the shore of the Saryshiganak Gulf.

Aral’sk is a port and maintains steamship service to the lower reaches of the Amu Darya River. Aral’sk has a railroad station (Aral Sea) on the Orenburg-Tashkent line. Its population was 23,000 in 1968. There is a fish combine and a ship-repairing plant. Aral’sk was founded in 1905 at the time of the construction of the Orenburg-Tashkent railroad. Aral’sk was designated a city in 1938.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mobile laboratory was organized in Aralsk town.
The Aral Sea areas, especially Aralsk and Zhusaly settlement located at a distance of 70-150 km from the former coast, are most affected.
One of them is in the Karagandy-Semiyarka region, (10.0-15.0 mg/l), the second one is in Kokshetau and Aralsk regions, and it is the deepest one (less than 4 mg/l) .The third is in Atyrau region (11.0-15.0 mg/l).).
Aralsk, Kazakhstan, is surrounded by barren desert, but the city could become a thriving port if the Aral Sea makes its anticipated comeback.
The train will stop in the following cities - Bishkek, Karakol, Almaty, Turkestan, Aralsk, Orenburg, Samara and Moscow.Seven film crews from 15 European countries are participating in the festival.The train will arrive in its final destination Moscow on October 16, where films made in route will be shown.The project is run with support of Film Makers' Union of Russia and the Russian Ministry of Culture, as well as support of the European Network of Young Cinema NISI MASA.
The former port of Aralsk, Kazakhstan, 2003, shows the back of a curiously costumed teenager (returning from a dance rehearsal, the caption explains); the title includes the word former because the continually shrinking Aral Sea is now sixty miles away.
Imagine not being able to see Lake Michigan from Chicago, and you have some idea of what it is like to live in one of the Aral's former port cities like Moynak or Aralsk.
Regardless of its origin, however, the unbalanced portrayal of the governments and public health systems of China and the former Soviet Union detract from the factual analysis of the SARS epidemic and the discussion of the Aralsk smallpox incident.
An account of the 1970 smallpox outbreak, which occurred in Aralsk, Kazakhstan, as a consequence of open air testing of a smallpox weapon by the Soviets is an eye-opener; there should be no doubts about capability and intent after reading this story.
"Weaponized smallpox escaped from a Soviet laboratory in Aralsk, Kazakhstan, in 1971," reports the author.