Trevor Bryce, in his recent study of the Neo-Hittite and Aramaean
kingdoms to the west of the rising Assyrian power, shows clear evidence that it showed little leniency to those vassal states that were incorporated within its empire.
What would seem to work against this answer is Laban, who would have had to marry in for his daughters to be acceptable as wives for Jacob, yet he and his father are described as Aramaeans
, not Hebrews.
When tribally (i.e., personalistically) organized groups -- Amorites around 2000 B.C., and Aramaeans
after 1100 B.C.
Archaeologists, art historians, and theologians investigate the character of the borders of Aramaean
polities during the Iron Age; how the position of those borders connected with cultural, economic, and other influences; and the impact of elements such as ethnicity, trade, language, desire to dominate others, and political pragmatism on determining borders.
Outside kings, among them assumedly both Aramaean
tribal kings and sedentary Luwian states began making demands on the weakened state of Sama'al.
As we have argued above, the sociolinguistic situation in the Levant and Syria was not conducive to this type of borrowing: Aramaic dialects were unlikely to be the prestige language in the area given the relative political disadvantage of the Aramaean
polities compared with the much more established Israelite and Phoenician kingdoms in the early first millennium.
This Ahab had done recently in Aramaean
Wars I and II, and he would soon do so again in Aramaean
War III, but it is not known whether he also took the field in person at Qarqara.
(14) When the Romans conquered Damascus in 64 CE the Aramaean
storm-god Hadad became assimilated to Jupiter, and the site of the Temple of Hadad, dating back no earlier than the first century BCE, was appropriated for the Roman Temple of Jupiter, which was rebuilt and altered throughout the next two centuries.
Ten essays are: Geshur: the southwesternmost Aramean Kingdom; Arameans, Chaldeans, and Arabs in cuneiform sources from the Late Babylonian Period; nachbarn, verwandte, feinde und gefahrten: Die oAramaero im Alten Testament; the political history and historical geography of the Aramean, Chaldean, and Arab tribes in Babylonia in the Neo-Assyrian Period; the Arameans in the West (13th-8th centuries); Early Iron Age KinneretuEarly Aramaean
or just Late Canaanite?
(35.) The Hermopolis letters provide an illustration of the practice: The eight papyri were letters sent by Aramaean
soldiers stationed in Memphis to family in Syene (A2.1-4; D1.1) and Thebes (A2.5-7).
This volume truly contains a rich and very comprehensive treatment of just about every major topic that one could wish to find in such a volume and even provides overviews of Aramaeans
in other parts of the ancient Near East, as well as of the Aramaean
Notably, at least one site was part of an Aramaean
kingdom (Bethsaida, the capital of Geshur), and it is possible that a few others were under Aramaean
control prior to their destruction at the hands of the Assyrians, and therefore outside the kingdom of Israel.