Arad

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Arad

(ā`răd), in the Bible, royal town in the Negev, the modern Tell Arad (Israel), S of Hebron. The "king Arad" in the Book of Numbers is a mistranslation for "king of Arad." It is the only tell (mound) in the Negev and indicates the existence of a fortified town in the Bronze Age.

Arad

(äräd`), city (1990 pop. 203,198), W Romania, in the Banat, on the Mureşul River, near the Hungarian border. It is an important railroad junction and a leading regional commercial and industrial center. Distilling, sawmilling, and the manufacture of machine tools and locomotives are the chief industries. Located on the site of an old Roman outpost, the first mention of Arad dates from the 12th cent. Long (c.1551–1685) under Turkish rule, Arad passed in 1685 to the Austrians and in 1849 to the Hungarians, who made it the headquarters of their insurrection against the Hapsburg Empire. In 1920, Arad became part of Romania. The city's educational and cultural institutions include a theological seminary, a teacher training school, a state theatre, a philharmonic orchestra, and a museum containing exhibits on the Hungarian revolution of 1848–49. The 18th-century citadel was built by Empress Maria Theresa. Arad has a sizable Hungarian population.

Arad

 

a district in western Rumania, on the territory of the northern part of the historic region of Banat and the southern part of Crişana. Area, 7,741 sq km; population, 481,000 (1968). The administrative center is Arad.

Arad District occupies the eastern edge of the Central Danubian Depression and the southwestern part of the western Rumanian mountains. The main branches of industry are concentrated in the city of Arad; outside of this city there is woodworking industry (Bocsig, Lipova, Minisul de Sus) and production of building materials (şebiş, Bîrsa, Sîtana, and Buteni); granite, andesite, marble, and talc are mined in the foothill zone. There are vineyards on the western slopes of the mountains, and there are gardens along the slopes of the Mureş and Crişul Alb river valleys. The main agricultural crops of the Central Danubian Depression are wheat, corn, sunflowers, sugar beets, tobacco, and hemp. Cattle-raising predominates in animal husbandry. Vegetables are grown in the area of the city of Arad and in the valley of the Mureş. River.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII


Arad

 

a city in western Rumania; on the Mureş River near the border with Hungary. Administrative center of Arad Province. Population, 126,000 (1966).

Arad is an important transportation and industrial center. The main branches of industry are machine-building (coaches and machine tools), textiles, and food. Footwear, furniture, chemicals, and construction materials are produced.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
We express our gratitude to the governor of Arar district and higher authorities of the Northern Border University for their support to this project.
Turning next to Arar's petition for relief under the Fifth Amendment, the court analyzed Arar's claim in the context of extending a Bivens remedy to cases involving extraordinary rendition.
Arar's account of his interrogations in Syria includes beatings on his palms, hips, and lower back with a two-inch thick electric cable and punches to his stomach, face, and back of the neck, along with threats of added torments with a spine-breaking chair and electrical shocks.
Arar's suit before the Supreme Court questions whether "federal officials who conspired with Syrian officials to subject an individual in US custody to torture in Syria may be sued for damages".
"To decide the Bivens issue, we must determine whether Arar's claims invoke Bivens in a new context; and, if so, whether an alternative remedial scheme was available to Arar, or whether (in the absence of affirmative action by Congress) "special factors counsel[] hesitation.' 'See Wilkie v.
Following his release from Syrian detention, Arar filed a civil action in 2004 against numerous individuals, including: former U.S.
Late last month, a US federal court of appeals ruled that the lawsuit brought by Arar against former Attorney General John Ashcroft, FBI Director Robert Mueller and other senior government officials could not be heard.
Arar's suit entirely, ruling that rendition cases like this one raise foreign policy questions inappropriate for court review.
Most Canadians will recognize the picture of Maher Arar on the cover of Hope and Despair: My Struggle to Free my Husband, Maher Arar.
FOR A LONG TIME I HAVE HAD DOUBTS about Maher Arar and how his case was resolved.
A Canadian Commission of Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials in Relation to Maher Arar cleared him of all terrorism allegations.
Above the clouds, Arar tells Grey, "They allowed me to move freely on the plane.