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(ərā`təs), fl. 3d cent. B.C., Greek court poet, from Soli in Cilicia. He wrote an astronomical treatise, Phenomena, which was quoted by Paul at Athens.


d. 213 B.C., Greek statesman and general of Sicyon, prime mover and principal leader of the Second Achaean LeagueAchaean League
, confederation of cities on the Gulf of Corinth. The First Achaean League, about which little is known, was formed presumably before the 5th cent. B.C. and lasted through the 4th cent. B.C. Its purpose was mutual protection against pirates.
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. His objective at first was to free the Peloponnesus from Macedonian domination, and he is credited with bringing into the confederation many of the principal cities of Greece. But he was blamed for the subsequent Macedonian domination of the Peloponnesus, for while fighting Cleomenes III of Sparta and the Aetolian League he changed his policy toward Macedon and called in Antigonus IIIAntigonus III
(Antigonus Doson) , d. 221 B.C., king of Macedon. On the death of Demetrius II he became regent for Demetrius' son Philip (Philip V). He married the widow of Demetrius, and in 227 he proclaimed himself king.
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See F. W. Walbank, Aratos of Sicyon (1933).

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References in periodicals archive ?
In the 3rd century BC, however, the poet Aratus of Soli saw the onset of summer--and the time to harvest the winter wheat crop--in May at the first predawn rising of the Pleiades star cluster in Taurus.
Paul tried to build bridges with the pagan Greeks in Athens when he quoted from the poets Epimenides and Aratus of Soli in speaking of "the God in which we live and move and have our being." However, he failed to achieve it.
Aratus of Soli, born about 315 BC, became a student of Zeno of Citium, the founder of the Stoic school of philosophy.
In the 3rd century BC, Aratus of Soli based his sky guide, the Phaenomena, on the work of Eudoxus and described the celestial circles that ordain the solstices and equinoxes.
In the Phaenomena, the oldest Greek sky guide (3rd century BC), Aratus of Soli located Ara "below the fiery sting of the dread monster, Scorpion, and near the south," and acknowledged that it "appears only briefly above the horizon." Picturing the Altar with the flames of burnt offerings rising to the north, the Greeks may have interpreted the nearby clouds of the Milky Way as ascending smoke.
The same four constellations also take the field in the Phaenomena, the oldest known ancient Greek sky guide, authored by Aratus of Soli in the first half of the 3rd century BC.
In the Phaenomena, the oldest Greek sky guide, Aratus of Soli names all seven sisters but adds, "only six are apparent to the eye." He also tells us that, as far as the Greeks were concerned, there never was a seventh sister visible in the cluster: "No star at all has been lost from our ken in Zeus since our oral tradition began....
Ptolemy inherited his constellations from earlier Greek authorities, especially Aratus of Soli, whose Phaenomena, composed in the 3rd century BC, is the oldest Greek sky guide.
Its hand-copied text preserves Germanicus's Latin translation of the Phaenomena, the oldest Greek sky guide, written by Aratus of Soli in the 3rd century BC.
Delphinus has been swimming in celestial waters since the Greeks began consolidating their constellations and certainly by the 3rd century BC, when Aratus of Soli composed the Phaenomena, the oldest known guidebook to the Greek sky.
The oldest Greek sky guide, the Phaenomena, by Aratus of Soli, recognized the Big Dipper as one of two Bears that were also called Wains because they "wheel together" around the north celestial pole.
No starry unicorn is mentioned in the oldest known Greek sky guide, the Phaenomena, authored by Aratus of Soli in the 3rd century B.C.