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an Indian language of South America, widespread in Chile and in parts of Argentina. Araucanian is spoken by more than 300,000 people (1961). It is sometimes conditionally classified as a member of the so-called Andean language group. It is subdivided into a few closely related dialects, such as Mapuche, Picunche, Huilliche, and Ran-quelche. The Araucanian phonological system consists of six vowels (a, i, u, e, o, a) and 21 consonant phonemes. The stress is movable. The morphological structure is characterized by an agglutinative type of suffixation. Many lexical items have been borrowed from the Quechua language.


Lenz, R. Estudios araucanos. Santiago de Chile, 1895–97.
Rosas, J. M. de. Gramática y diccionario de la lengua Pampa (Pampa, Pranquel, Araucano). Buenos Aires, [1947].


References in periodicals archive ?
Since the publication of Alonso de Ercilla y Zuniga's sixteenth-century epic poem, the fierce resistance of the Araucans to the Spanish had stoked British plans to further their own mercantile ends by seeking an alliance with these heroicized figures against the colonial Chilean authorities.
This kind of projective fantasy is endemic in the literature of the South Seas: without the prospect of the Araucans as military allies and trading partners, the immense profits that Narbrough and Defoe envision can be secured only through privateering.
The first and most important to appear was the "Song of the Araucans During a Thunder Storm"; others in the sequence included "The Huron's Address to the Dead" and "The Old Chikkasah to his Grandson": together they formed a public statement of patriotism and an assertion of Southey's expertise on Native American culture.
The storm-cloud grows deeper above, Araucans, the tempest is ripe in the sky; Our forefathers come from their islands of bliss, They come to the war of the winds.