Araucanian(redirected from Araucan)
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an Indian language of South America, widespread in Chile and in parts of Argentina. Araucanian is spoken by more than 300,000 people (1961). It is sometimes conditionally classified as a member of the so-called Andean language group. It is subdivided into a few closely related dialects, such as Mapuche, Picunche, Huilliche, and Ran-quelche. The Araucanian phonological system consists of six vowels (a, i, u, e, o, a) and 21 consonant phonemes. The stress is movable. The morphological structure is characterized by an agglutinative type of suffixation. Many lexical items have been borrowed from the Quechua language.
REFERENCESLenz, R. Estudios araucanos. Santiago de Chile, 1895–97.
Rosas, J. M. de. Gramática y diccionario de la lengua Pampa (Pampa, Pranquel, Araucano). Buenos Aires, .
G. A. KLIMOV