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Related to Araucanian: Araucanian language, Araucanos
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an Indian language of South America, widespread in Chile and in parts of Argentina. Araucanian is spoken by more than 300,000 people (1961). It is sometimes conditionally classified as a member of the so-called Andean language group. It is subdivided into a few closely related dialects, such as Mapuche, Picunche, Huilliche, and Ran-quelche. The Araucanian phonological system consists of six vowels (a, i, u, e, o, a) and 21 consonant phonemes. The stress is movable. The morphological structure is characterized by an agglutinative type of suffixation. Many lexical items have been borrowed from the Quechua language.


Lenz, R. Estudios araucanos. Santiago de Chile, 1895–97.
Rosas, J. M. de. Gramática y diccionario de la lengua Pampa (Pampa, Pranquel, Araucano). Buenos Aires, [1947].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ver, Gertrudis Payas Puigarnau, Jose Manuel Zavala Cepeda y Ramon Curivil Paillavil, <<La Palabra 'Parlamento' y su Equivalente en Mapudungun en los Ambitos Colonial y Republicano: Un Estudio sobre Fuentes Chilenas Bilingues y de Traduccion>>, Historia 47, no 2 (2014): 360-61, DOI:; ademas, Sergio Villalobos y Jorge Pinto (coords.), Araucania: temas de Historia fronteriza, (Temuco: 1985); Pablo Mariman., ed., Parlamento y territorio mapuche, (Temuco: Editorial Escaparate, 2008); y Tom Dillehay y Jose Manuel Zavala <<Compromised Landscapes: The ProtoPanoptic of Colonial Araucanian and Spanish Parlamentos>>, Colonial Latin American Review 22, no 3, (2013): 320-342.
We had no inkling that so much of the work we were about to see would be heavily influenced by those people we'd previously known about only through Eduardo Galeano's masterpiece trilogy The Memory of Fire (which both of us had read)--in Galeano's pages, they were known by the now-pejorative term Araucanian. After centuries of extermination, oppression and discrimination, the struggle for Mapuche rights rages on today.
(29) On colonial-indigenous relations along the Southern Andes, see Tom Dillehay and Jose Manuel Zavala, "Compromised Landscapes: The Proto-Panoptic Politics of Colonial Araucanian and Spanish Parlamentos," Colonial Latin American Review 22 (2013): 319-43.
Travelling north and south opens us to the land, from Atacama desert 1600 miles down to Pablo's Araucanian Temuco birthplace, the great lakes and volcanos, Puerto Montt, Chiloe Island.
The pre-Columbian Araucanian chicken (Gallus inauris) of the Mapuche Indians.
Chile, for instance, was singled out by the Council of Foreign Relations in 1930 as a prime location for investment in copper and other natural resources, primarily due to the large influx of civilized Europeans, but also due to the "soundness of the racial stock," referring to the native Araucanian Indians who were considered to be fiercely independent and energetic.