Araucanian


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Related to Araucanian: Araucanian language, Araucanos

Araucanian

 

an Indian language of South America, widespread in Chile and in parts of Argentina. Araucanian is spoken by more than 300,000 people (1961). It is sometimes conditionally classified as a member of the so-called Andean language group. It is subdivided into a few closely related dialects, such as Mapuche, Picunche, Huilliche, and Ran-quelche. The Araucanian phonological system consists of six vowels (a, i, u, e, o, a) and 21 consonant phonemes. The stress is movable. The morphological structure is characterized by an agglutinative type of suffixation. Many lexical items have been borrowed from the Quechua language.

REFERENCES

Lenz, R. Estudios araucanos. Santiago de Chile, 1895–97.
Rosas, J. M. de. Gramática y diccionario de la lengua Pampa (Pampa, Pranquel, Araucano). Buenos Aires, [1947].

G. A. KLIMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
He and his friends were inspired by "the heroic deeds of the Araucanians and the Spaniards, which we considered to be our own, as we were compatriots of the former and descendants of the latter" (30).
Of course, when the Dutch actually tried to unite with the Araucanians of Chile, they failed miserably.
Tona Dillehay's book claims to be dealing mainly with the proto-historical or epi-Prehispanic period (Wernke in press) of Araucanian or Mapuche cultural development in the Southern cone of South America but it offers much more.
No simple-minded "savages," Southey's Araucanian speakers urge their nation to victory in the name of the "forefathers" whose spirits they detect in the wind and the tempest.
The Batavians were led by their barbaric chieftain, Claudius Civilis (who, like the Araucanian leader, Caupolicano, had the use of only one eye; see below), and they were believed to have likewise gathered "conspiratorially" to swear an oath of resistance against imperial tyrants.
As indicated by Dillehay (1995: 285) for the Araucanian and ethnographic case studies, the burial of an important chief and the associated funerary practices are events when political succession takes place, a new leader is established and the deceased could be transformed into an authentic ancestor.
Known as iomza in Colombia's Chibcha language, poni in Patagonia's Araucanian, and amka and choque in the Bolivian altiplano's Aymara, the cultivated potato spread across the continent to its northern and southern extremities.
Kuel are also found in other valleys in the Araucanian region, including the Budi and Imperial areas, but are less numerous and appear to date after AD 1100.
At these moments it seems as if one can hear, very faintly, the beat of the Araucanian kultrun, and the murmur of a brook echoing the voices of ancient explorers or pioneer families lost in the distance.
The machis, Araucanian sorceresses, had predicted that a white man would come to unite the peoples of Arauca--peerless warriors who lacked a unified government and a king--and would help them end centuries of war and siege.
British Romantics and Native Americans: The Araucanians of Chile.
Juan Ignacio Molina, a Chilean Jesuit, wrote a history of Chile that exalted the courage of the Araucanians (today called Mapuches), who never surrendered to the Spanish.