Mapuche

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Mapuche:

see AraucaniansAraucanians
, South American people, occupying most of S central Chile at the time of the Spanish conquest (1540). The Araucanians were an agricultural people living in small settlements.
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References in periodicals archive ?
He distinguished himself in Chile in the wars against the Araucanian Indians and while there began the poem based on his experiences.
The Chilean national epic, <IR> LA ARAUCANA </IR> (1569-89), was composed by Alonso de Ercilla (1533-1594), a participant in the struggle to subdue the Araucanian Indians. The poem celebrates the bravery of Spaniards and the fierce defense of tribal lands.
The Araucanian Indians had settled in territories that now belong to Chile and Argentina.