Arawaks


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Related to Arawaks: Caribs

Arawaks

 

a group of Indian tribes in South America that are related by language. The Arawakan languages constitute one of the largest linguistic groups in South America. The name is derived from one of the tribes with which the Europeans met soon after conquest. At that time the Arawaks lived from the Chaco River and the sources of the Xingu River to the islands of the West Indies and from the mouth of the Amazon River to the eastern slopes of the Andes. Toward the end of the 15th century the Carib tribes forced the Arawaks out of the northeastern section of the mainland and from the islands of the Lesser Antilles. The Arawaks on the islands of the Greater Antilles were exterminated by the Spaniards. At the present time they live mainly in western Venezuela, in the eastern regions of Colombia and Peru bordering Brazil, in western Brazil, and along the coast of Guiana. Their population has not been exactly determined. Most Arawaks are settled agriculturalists. In the almost inaccessible forest regions the Arawaks have preserved their clan structure and the religious ideas associated with a belief in spirits.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.

E. V. ZIBERT

References in periodicals archive ?
It is known that after the arrival of Columbus in Haiti, the native Arawak Indians were brutally persecuted.
Members of the Harvard faculty also produced several scathing reviews of Zinn's 1980 text, one of which calls A People's History of the United States "deranged," and asserts that Zinn "uses a complex array of devices that pervert his pages" (Handlin "Arawaks" 547).
A wall outside the exhibit brandishes the words of a local poet: "Let not woes of old enslave you anew." The phrase is written in three languages, including Papiamento, a blend of Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, French, English, Arawak and a smattering of African tongues that the slaves used as a form of communication.
Moreover, the lives of the historical people who underlie Warner's characters--for example, the indigenous Caribs and Arawaks of St.
not baseball as such, but a calendar and sacred alphabet, a chronicle that begins in the mountains of Eurasia and Sinai and ends up counting moons and carving rocks among the Penobscots of the north, Arawaks of Venezuela and Paraguay, Huichols of the Sierra Madre, Marquesans in Polynesia, Aranda of the Australian outback, Nachez of the Mississippi Valley.
Some of the earliest known inhabitants, the Arawaks, played a variety of instruments such as flutes, drums, and other percussion instruments, which accompanied their songs and dances (Uri 22-26).
The indigenous Caribs, who had eradicated the more passive Arawaks, resisted European colonisation successfully for some time before they were suppressed by the French.
Los garifunas son descendientes de africanos y de los indios nativos de esas tierras llamados caribes y arahuacos (arawaks) (5), quienes han vivido a lo largo de la costa de America Central desde 1797 en comunidades salpicadas a lo largo de linea costera que va de Nicaragua a Belice.
Risingham's recourse during the English Civil War to "arts, in Indian warfare tried," which he learned from the Caribs and Arawaks, and Scott's introductory note to Canto 3 referencing James Adair's History of the American Indians (1774), suggest a degree of transculturation more readily associated by readers with Byron's eastern heroes.
West Indies: A Differentiated, Interdisciplinary Unit Third Grade Duration: 6 to 8 Weeks Standards Essential Questions Objectives What is the What influences did Describe the relationship of the the Arawaks and following components United States to Caribs have on the of the West Indies other nations and to West Indies culture?