Born 1879; died Mar. 22, 1960. English botanist, member of the Royal Society (from 1946). Educated at London and Cambridge universities.
Arber studied the history of botany of the 15th—17th centuries, “herbals,” paleobotany of gymnosperms, and the morphology of angiosperms, mainly monocotyledons. She worked out a theory of the phyllome, according to which the basic organ of higher plants is the sprout. Arber’s theoretical views are idealistic in character.
WORKSWater Plants. Cambridge, 1920.
Monocotyledons. Cambridge, 1925.
The Gramineae. Cambridge, 1934.
Herbals. Cambridge, 1938.
The Natural Philosophy of Plant Form. Cambridge, 1950.
REFERENCESPervukhina, N. V. “O nekotorykh metodologicheskikh problemakh morfologii rastenii.” Botanicheskii zhurnal, vol. 45, no. 2, 1960. Pages 288–303.
D. V. LEBEDEV